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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilsons
Term for congenital absence of the ganglionic cells of the Auerbach and Meissner plexus in the rectum and sigmoid
Hirschsprung disease
Foci of fibrinoid necrosis that are surrounded by lymphocytes and macrophages throughout all layers of the heart
Aschoff bodies of rheumatic fever
Which pneumoconiosis is associated with aerospace industry, nuclear reactors
Berylliosis
Which PUD is characterized by onset of burning epigastric pain immediately after eating
Gastric ulcer
What glycoprotein allows platelets to adhere to von Willebrand factor
GP Ib
Most common Pituitary adenoma
Prolactinoma
Most common Malignant tumor in the bone of teenagers
Osteosarcoma
Most common Viral cause of mycarditis
Coxsackie B
Skeletal muscle regeneration – labile, stable, or permanent?
Permanent
Most common Vasulitis
Temporal arteritis
Which subtype of AML is associated with Auer rods?
M3 (promyelocytic leukemia)
Which HPV types increase cervical cancer risk
Serotypes 16, 18, 31, 33
What female genital tract disorder is characterized by obesity, hirsutism, infertility, amenorrhea, elevated LH and testosterone, and low FSH
Polycystic ovary disease (Stein-Leventhal syndrome)
Most common Renal calculus type
Calcium oxalate
What protein losing enteropathy has grossly enlarged rugal folds in the body and fundus of the stomach in middle aged men resulting in decreased acid production and increased risk of gastric cancer
Menetrier’s disease
PUD with onset of burning epigastric pain 1-3 hrs after eating that is relieved by food
Duodenal ulcer
Most common Site for ectopic pregnancy
Ampulla of fallopian tube
Catecholamine hypersecreting tumor, secondary cause of HTN, results in HA, diaphoresis, anxiety, tachycardia, and palpitations
Pheochromocytoma
WBC casts in the urine
Acute pyelonephritis
Mutation in the fibrillin gene (FBN1) on chromosome 15q21
Marfan syndrome
Pseudorosettes
Ewing sarcoma
Signet ring cells
Gastric carcinoma
Product(s) of arachidonic acid – Chemotactic for neutrophils
LTB4
What syndrome due to adrenal gland adenoma produces excess aldosterone resulting in HTN, hypokalemia, and low rennin levels
Conn syndrome (primary hyperaldosteronism)
Mucosal epithelium regeneration – labile, stable, or permanent?
Labile
What syndrome is characterized by embryologic failure of the 3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouches resulting in hypocalcemia, tetany, and T-cell dysfunction
DiGeorge Syndrome
Auer rods
AML-M3
Leading cause of primary hyperparathyroidism
Chief cell adenoma (80%)
Cancer associated with beta-hCG
Choriocarcinomas, trophoblastic tumors
Disorder due to a deficiency in tyrosinase
Albinism
Blue sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
CSF: Opening pressure very elevated, normal WBCs (90% lymphocytes), normal glucose and protein
Brain abscess
Most common cause of pulmonary HTN in kids
VSD
Cancer associated with L-myc
Small cell carcinoma of the lung
Most common cause of croup
Parainfluenza virus
Most common cause of Pneumonia in a patient with atypical bird exposure and heptatits
Chlamydia psittaci
What cell type is commonly elevated in asthma
Eosinophil
Most common cause of viral conjunctivitis
Adenovirus
Most common Cardiac anomaly in Turner syndrome
Coarctation of the aorta
The 3 right to left shunts
VSD, ASD, PDA
Most common Primary CNS tumor in adults
GBM
Which hep B Ab indicates low transmissibility
HBeAb
Term for raised fluid filled cavity greater than 0.5 cm that lies between layers of the skin
Bulla
Barretts has increased risk of…
Adenocarcinoma of esophagus
Most common Malignant germ cell tumor in women
Choriocarinoma
Rheumatic fever bacteria
Group A beta-hemolytic strep
Inability of lower esophageal sphincter to relax with swallowing and bird beak barium swallow result
Achalasia (Chagas)
Renal path involving glomerular capillary wall, granular appearance under the microscope, and effacement of foot processes
Membranous Glomerularnephritis
What Hb derived endogenous pigment is found in areas of hemorrhage or bruises
Hemosiderin