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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What B-cell neoplasm is seen in males with massive splenomegaly, produces dry tap on bone marrow aspirations, and stains positive for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)
Hairy cell leukemia
Term for osteophyte formation at the DIP joints in osteoarthritis
Heberden nodes
Starry sky appearance of macrophages is pathognomonic for
Burkitt lymphoma
Orphan Annie eye nuclei
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Most common cause of panhypopituitarism
Sheehan syndrome
Most common cause of hospitalization under 1 year
Most common Valve abnormality associated with rheumatic fever
Mitral valve stenosis
Most common location of duodenal ulcer
Anterior wall of the first part of the duodenum
Most common Primary tumor of the liver
Hemangioma (benign)
Hematopoietic cells regeneration – labile, stable, or permanent?
What condition has bilataeral sarcoidosis of the parotid glands, submaxillary gland, and submandibular gland with posterior uveal tract involvement
Mikulicz syndrome
Carcinogenic sunlight type
Malignant bone tumor characterized by Codman triangle (periosteal elevation) on x-ray
Which hepatitis strain is a defective virus that can replicate only inside HBV-infected cells?
Hep D
What vitamin deficiency produces angular stomatitis, glossitis, and cheilosisi
Riboflavin (B2) deficiency
What virus is associated with body cavity large B-cell lymphomas
What AD syndrome involves 1000 or more edematous polyps, associated with chromosome 5q21
Familial polyposis coli
Small to medium sized vasculitis seen in 35 year old man who is a heavy smoker presenting with claudication symptoms in the upper and lower extrems
Buerger disease (thromboangiitis obliterans)
Most common form of necrosis
Disorder with IgG autoab’s to TSH receptor
Seronegative spondyloarthropathy seen in HLA-B27 positive young females and presents with triad of conjunctivitis, urethritis, and arthritis affecting knees and ankles
Reiter syndrome
Enzyme missing in chronic granulomatous disease of childhood
NADPH oxidase
Most common Cardiac tumor of infancy
What pathology is associated with deposition of calcium pyrophosphate in patients over 50
What is the term for the round intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions containing alpha-synuclein found in the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra
Lewy bodies
Most common cause of osteomyelitis in neonates
Strep agalactiae
Most common Germ cell tumor in boys
Yolk sac tumor
What mineral deficiency in kids is associated with poor growth and impaired sexual development
Most common cause of death in US
Ischemic heart disease (MI)
2nd leading cause of death in US
5 conditions associated with normochromatic normocytic anemia with a normal MCV and an elevated retic count
Autoimmune hypersplenism, Trauma, Anemia, Spherocytosis, Sickle Cell
Plt disorder seen in kids following a bout of gastroenteritis with bloody diarrhea
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Most common organism that causes pyelonephritis
E. Coli
Cowdry type A bodies
Kidney regeneration – labile, stable, or permanent?
2 reasons for megaloblastic anemia with elevated MCV
B12 defic and folate defic
Most common Site of cerebral infarct
2nd leading cause of cancer death in males
What AR disease involves a decreased amount of sphingomyelinase, massive organomegaly, zebra bodies, foamy histiocytes, and is associated with chrom 11p
Niemann-Pick disease
Most common cause of Infantile bacterial diarrhea
Enteropathogenic E Coli (Rotavirus is most common cause overall)
Cancer associated with CA-19.9 and CEA
Pancreatic cancer
Average mass of Hb molecule/RBC
What X-linked recessive disease involves mental retardation, self-mutilation, choreoathetosis, spasticity, a decrease in HGPRT, and increase in uricemia
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
What type of erythema is seen in Stevens-Johnson syndrome
Erythema multiforme
What disorder is due to a deficiency in the enzyme glucocerebrosidase
Gaucher disease
What ovarian carcinoma is characterized by psammoma bodies
Slow growing primary CNS tumor that affects mostly females and is associated with psammoma bodies
What vascular tumor is associated with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome involves the cerebellum, brainstem, spinal cord, and retina
Term for flattened nose, low-set ears, and recessed chin seen in patients with bilateral renal agenesis
Potter facies
Most common Intraspinal tumor