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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What form of poisoning is assoc with bitter almond scented breath
Cyanide
Benign papillary growth within the lactiferous ducts of the breast commonly producing bloody nipple discharge
Intraductal papilloma
Most common cause of Pneumonia in adults
Strep pneumonia
Gastric ulcers associated with increased ICP
Cushing’s ulcers
Bilat AR disorder seen in infancy as progressive renal failure with multiple small cysts at right angles to cortical surface
Polycystic kidney disease of childhood
Cancer associated with hst-1, int-2, erb-2, and erb-3
Breast cancer
Homer-Wright rosettes
Neuroblastoma
Most common Organ involved in amyloidosis
Kidney
Most common cyanotic heart disease
Tetralogy of Fallot
Patients with sickle cell anemia are at increased risk for infection from what kind of organisms
Encapsulated bacteria
Is the AD or AR form of osteopetrosis malignant?
AR form is malignant, AD is benign
What is the term for the sign revealed when a psoriatic scale is removed and pinpoint bleeding occurs
Auspitz sign
Testicular tumor of infancy characterized by elevated AFP levels and Schiller-Duval bodies
Yolk sac tumor
What syndrome is associated with gastrin-producing islet cell tumor resulting in multiple intractable peptic ulcers
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Most common cause of osteomyelitis in drug addicts
Pseudomonas
Painful subcutaneous nodules on fingers and toes associated with bacterial endocarditis
Osler nodes
Which HPV serotypes are associated with condyloma accuminatum
HPV serotypes 6 and 11
What AR syndrome is due to a deficiency of GP Ib resulting in a defect in plt aggregation?
Bernard-Soulier syndrome
Deletion to paternal chromosome 15 results in
Prader-Willi syndrome
Cancer associated with abl
CML and ALL
Most common Helminthic parasite worldwide
Ascaris lumbricoides
Most common Site for atherosclerotic plaques in Abd aorta
Bifurcation of abd aorta
Most common type of ASD
Ostium secundum defects
Most common cause of hypoxia
Ischemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) associated chromosome
Chromosome 12
Most common Malignant thyroid tumor
Papillary carcinoma
What AD syndrome produces hamartomatous polyps in the small intestine and pigmentation of the lips and oral mucosa
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
What is the main type of cell involved in cellular immunity
T lymphocyte
Atypical pneumonia dx’ed with elevated cold agglutinin titers
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Term for chronic necrotizing pulmonary infectioins resulting in permanent airway dilation and associated with Kartagener syndrome
Bronchiectasis
Systemic vasculitis in small to medium-sized vessels (except lung) affecting young males, 30% HbAg-positive, P-ANCA and autoantibodies against myeloperoxidase
Polyarteritis nodosa
Cancer associated with c-myc
Burkitt lymphoma
What illegal drug can cause rhabdomyolysis, MI, cerebral infarct, and lethal arrhythmias
Cocaine
Most common Primary malignant tumor of the liver
HCC
B12 absorption site
Ileum
Most common cause of death in Cystic Fibrosis
Pulmonary infectioins
Myeloid disorder characterized by dry bone marrow aspirations, splenomegaly, leukoerthroblastosis, teardrop RBCs and hyperuricemia due to increased cell turnover
Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia
What autoimmune syndrome is characterized by keratoconjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, xerostomia, and an increased risk of high-grade B-cell lymphomas. What two Ab tests are used in making the dx
Sjogren’s syndrome; SS-A (Ro) and SS-B (La)
What leukemia affects a 4 yr old with 3 monthes of fever, fatigue, generalized lymphadenopathy, CNS involvement, hepatosplenomegaly, bleeding, and plt cout below 100,000
ALL
What form of nephritic syndrome is associated with celiac sprue and Henoch-Schonlein purpura?
IgA nephropathy
Bilat breast nodules that vary with menstruation with cyclical pain and engorgement
Fibrocystic change of the breast.
Autoimmune liver disease characterized by affecting middle-aged woman with jaundice, pruruitis, fatigue, xanthomas, increased direct bilirubin levels, and antimitochondrial Abs
Primary biliary cirrhosis
What CD4 T-cell receptor does the HIV virus bind to?
gp120
Most common cause of Urethrits in young, newly sexually active individual
Staph saprophyticus
Russell bodies
Multiple myeloma
What disease with familial mental retardation produces large, everted ears and macroorchidism
Fragile X syndrome
Café-au-lait spot
Neurofibromatosis (I and II)
What disease involves microcephaly, mental retardation, cleft lip or palate, and dextrocardia
Patau syndrome (trisomy 13)
What gene stimulates apoptosis when DNA repair is unable to be done
p-53