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18 Cards in this Set

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testes neoplasms: what types of tissues in testes can become tumor? 2x Rate?
1. Germ cells 90% 2. Sex cord stromal cells 5%
Germ cells tumor (1) definition (2) Classification 5x
cells that will become sperms (1) seminoma (2) non-seminoma (3) mixed (4) teratoma (5) yolk sac tumor
Semioma (1) definition (2) risk group (3) appearance (4) early diagnosed? Mestastasis? (5) marker? (6) treatment (7) survival
(1) testes cancer, germ cell retains primitive (2) 40 yrs (3) scrotal mass (4) yes, yes (5) no (6) 1surgery 2chemotherapy 3radiation (7) cure rate 90%
Non-seminoma (1) definition (2) types (3) appearance (4) marker? (5) treatment (6) survival
testes cancer, germ cell do not retains as primitive & becomes embryonic (2) e,t,c (3) scrotal mass (4) hCG, AFP (5) 1surgery 2chemotherapy (6) 5 yr 85% survival
embryonal carcinoma m/b
(m) germ cells -> embryonic cells
teratocarcinoma m/b
(m) germ cells -> embryonic -> mature somatic + embryonic (mixed)
choriocarcinoma m/b
(m) germ cells -> embryonic -> mature somatic + embryonic (mixed) BUT trophoblastic cells dominates
mixed germ cells tumor
both seminoma & non-seminoma
teratoma m/b
(b) germ cells -> embryonic -> mature somatic
yolk sac tumor m/b
(m) yolk sac component acquire highly malignant properties
Sex chord stromal tumors (1) definition (2) types 2x
(1) Leydig cell tumor (2) Sertoli cell tumor
Leydig cell tumor
Sertoli cell tumor
cell which spermatocytes attaches
testes neoplasms: (1) is it common? (2) risk factor? (3) rate (4) usually m/b? (5) detection (6) treamtment
Treatment: (1) chemotherapy (2) surgery
What is the most common malignant neoplasms of young adult males?
testes neoplasms
non-seminoma tumor marker? How to measure?
hCG, measure in blood
hCG
secreted by trophoblasts, marker
AFP
secreted by yolk sac cells, marker