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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
names a person, place, thing, or idea
function as subjects, objects, complements
proper- names specific people, places, or things (1st letter capitalizes)
common- name general groups, places, people or, things
concrete- names things seen, touched, heard, smelled, tasted
abstract- things not knowable though the 5 senses
collective- names groups
mass- names uncountable things
takes place of a noun
word replaced by pronoun= antecedent
Direct Object
receives the action of the verb or shows the result of the action

it answers the question "What?" or "Whom?" after an action verb
Indirect Object
precedes the direct object and usually tells to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done
Prepositional Phrase
a group of words beginning with a preposition and usually ending with a noun or a pronoun

the noun or pronoun which consludes the prepositional phrase is the object of the prepositional which begins the phrase

used as modifers, may be used as adjectives or as adverbs
Adjective Phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun
Adverb Phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb or an adjective or an adverb
a word which acts as both a verb and an adjective
Present Participle
ends in -ing
Past Participle
shows action in the past

may end in -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n
Participle Phrase
a group of related words containing a participle

made up of a participle and its modifers and complements

may be modified by adverbs adn adverb phrases

may take an object