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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who did Moctezuma (Aztec) think Hernan Cortes was?
A god who was going to take over his reign
Why was Cortes eventually able to get Aztec Empire?
4 Month spanish seize
Smallpox epidemic
Monctezuma dead
Why was Atahualpa killed?
He threw the Bible on the ground
What was Juan Ponce de Leon's goal?
Find the Fountain of Youth
What was the first city established by Europeans in the U.S.?
St. Augustine
What was the series of attacks against Spanish settlers because they wanted land in New Spain?
Pueblo Revolt
Who led the Pueblo Revolt?
Pope
What was the center of the Spanish North American Empire called?
New Spain
What did the Spanish built religiously?
Missions
Where was the first permanent Spanish colony at?
Ysleta
Why did the Spanish go to the Americas?
To establish RC faith and gain money
What are viceroyalities?
large provinces
What were the first 2 viceroyalities?
Peru and New Spain
What are small farms and ranches known as?
Ranchos
Who worked on the haciendas?
Peons!
Who drove the cattle on haciendas and ranchos?
Vaqueros
Who were Spaniards born in Spain?
Peninsulares
Who were Spaniards born in the colonies?
Criollos
Who was born of European and Indian parents?
Mestizos
Who were of Indian and African ancestry?
Zambos
What led to the Pueblo revolt?
The Spanish demanding taxes and Catholicism on the Indians

Also, land problems
Who won the Pueblo Revolt?
THE PUEBLO!!!!!
What was the Northwest Passage?
A northern route to the Pacific and thus to Asia, however it did not exist
Why were the French and English behind in colonizing North America?
They were concerned with domestic things
Who started the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
What were the 3 most prominent countries in the 1500s and 1600s?
England
Spain
France