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21 Cards in this Set

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counter reformation
a reaction to the spread of protestantism
age of bloodshed
1530s
cardinal richelieu
1624-1642
divides france into 32 generalite, each ruled by an intendant
personifies secularism
"i have no enemies except the enemies of the king and the state"
edict of nantes
grants huguenots liberty of conscience to worship in some places, one being la rochelle
1598
louis xiv & nobility
"the sun king"
regency period
to neutralize nobility- co-ops them, raises their status but takes away their power
rules 1661-1715
louis xiv and foriegn policy
wars expensive, don't bring much back.
last war disasterous, and louis forced to sell offices again
glorifies france through war
plan- pick up real estate through wars for more $
france&mercantilism
colbert
-state supports industries-quality control
-guilds, high tariffs, better roads encouraged
- import artisans
-french owned marine fleet
france expensive to keep up,
if france produces everything needed, can sell and no money lost on imports
legacy louis xiv leaves france
1715
-middle class rising
-artistic cultural activity
-devine rights of kings
-financial weakness
-emasculation of nobility
constitutionalism
-gov't subject to law, realizes it isn't above it
-monarchy resides in the people
limitation of government by law
queen elizabeth III
cousins "stuarts" from scotland must be brought in
king james - issues
1558-1603
-doesn't produce heir
charles I issues
chares executed in 1649
-commonwealth- leader cromwell-"lord protector of the realm" = puritan absolutism...dies in 1658
charles seen as favoring catholics too much, scotland rises in rebellion causing parliament to make rules about power of king
test act (charles II)
you can be catholic, but you can't vote, teach, go to college...
1673- to promote religious uniformity
james II 1685
-declaration of indulgence
freedom of religion for everyone
puts catholics in power after charlesII dies
suspends laws at will
glorious revolution and bill of rights
-laws made in parliament, king can't suspend them
-parl- once every 3 years
-ind judges
-no standing army during peace
1688
mary and william both rule, must agree to the following
act of toleration
dissenters have the right to worship without harassment
-not full political rights- monarch must be protestant
1689
john locke 1632-1704
mankind in natural state= all rights all liberties also chaos
man makes gov't= give up some rights for less chaos,
gov't exceeds its authority
publishes treatise: applies laws of nature to government
scientific revolution
emergence of scientific community
scientific method
spread of scientific thought
1540-1700
will feed into the enlightenment
(1700)
copernicus
heliocentric theory- causes people to realize maybe they are further from god or maybe there isnt one
galileo
laws of inertia
destroys aristotle's ideas
descartes
universe is a giant, mechanical, machine
in 1619
newton
gravity laws,
1642-1727
pulls it all together
enlightenment
ppl question religion,

toleration, seperation of church and state
1750-
intellectually modern people
science to all parts of life