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21 Cards in this Set

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This disorder may be age-related or 2ry to toxic effects of drugs, such as chloroquine or phenothiazine. It is the leading cause of irreversible central vision loss. Sign- Drusen deposits.
Macular Degeneration
Sudden painless, and marked unilateral loss of vision. Is considered an opthamalic emergency with poor prognosis.
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
Common causes: emboli, thrombotic phenomenon, and vasculitides
Sudden, unilateral, painless blurred vision or complete vision loss which is resolved with time.
Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
Leading cause of blindness in the United States.
Diabetic Retinopathy
Painful eye and loss of vision. Can be accompanied with nausea, vomitting, and diaphoresis
Angle-closure glaucoma
Tx: Start IV carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, topical Beta blocker, and osmotic diuresis
Chronic, asymptomatic, and potentially blinding disease which usually affects people over the age of 40 and is more common in African Americans.
Open-angle glaucoma
Tx: topical or systemic medications to decrease the pressure by decreasing aqueous production and increasing outflow
An acute development of a small, painful nodule or abscess within a gland in the upper or lower eyelid.
Hordeolum
Relatively painless, indurated lesion deep from the palpebral margin of the eyelid.
Chalzion
Elevated, yellowish, fleshy conjunctival mass found on the sclera adjacent to the cornea. Caused by actinic exposure, repeated trauma, and dry windy conditions. No treatment is necessary.
Pinguecula
Slowly growing thickening of the bulbar conjunctiva. A highly vascular, triangular mass grows from the nasal side toward the cornea. Treatment is excision if vision is affected.
Pterygium
Mitral regurgitation
high-pitched pansystolic murmur best heard at the apex with radiation into the axilla
Aortic stenosis
harsh systolic murmur best heard at 2nd right intercostal space
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Grade II/VI crescendo murmur with a late mid systolic astolic murmur best heard at apex and accenuated by standing
VSD
harsh, holosystolic, grade III/VI murmur best heard at left sternal border with wide radiation and fixed split 2nd heart sound
Mitral Stenosis
diastolic murmur preceeded by a quiet interval between 2nd heart sound and an opening snap, best heard at the apex.
Austin Flint Murmur
Aortic Regurgitation
Low-grade fever
Cough
Bullous myringitis
Cold agglutinins
Usually seen in young adults, college settings
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Chronic cardiac or respiratory disease
Hyponatremia
Diarrhea
Can be caused from air conditioning/aerosolized water
Legionella pneumoniae
Longer prodrome
Sore throat, hoarseness
Usually occurs in young adults, college settings
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Single rigor
Rust-colored sputum
Can occur after post-splenectomy
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Currant jelly sputum
Chronic illness, including alcohol abuse
Klebsiella pneumoniae