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28 Cards in this Set

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SGA Small for gestational age (IUGR intrauterine growth retardation)
term that denotes fetal undergrowth. Birth weight less than 2500 gms. risk for perinatal complications like birth asphyxia, hyperglycemia, polycythemia, meconium aspiration, and hypothermia
Symetric SGA
impaired growth that occurs early in pregnancy during the hyperplastic phase of growth. Head circumference, lengh, and weight usually within similar percentiles. Irreversible postnatally.
Asymetric SGA
impaired growth that occurs later in pregnancy during the hypertrophic phase of growth resulting in asymmetric growth retardation. Uterine malnutrition, have wight reduction out of proportion to lenght or head circumference. may be partially corrected postnatally.
LGA Large for gestational age
term that denotes fetal overgrowth
Apgar Score Assessment
Scoring system that evaluates infant well-being at birth.
What are the five things evaluated in the Apgar score?
Heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, color
Apgar- Heart rate
0: absent
1: <100
2: >100
Apgar- Respiratory effort
0: absent
1: weak, irregular
2: crying
Apgar- Muscle tone
0: Limp
1: some flexion
2: well flexed
Apgar- Reflex irritability
0: no response
1: grimace
2: cry, gag
Apgar- Color
0: Pale
1: Cyanotic
2: Pink
Apnea
cessation of breathin for 20 seconds or over
Periodic breathing
intermittent failure to breathe for periods lasting less than 10-15 seconds
Cephalohematoma
subperiosteal collection of blood from ruptured blood vessels. usually unilateral and does not cross suture lines.
most common bone fracture during the birth process
clavicle
3 types of brachial plexus injuries
Erbs palsy (upper arm), Klumpke's palsy (upper arm), and paralisis of the entire arm
RDS
Respiratory distress syndrome, frequently referred to as hyaline membrane disease.
the most commoncomplication of prematurity
primary cause of RDS
lack of surfactant in the lungs
IVH- Intraventricular hemorrhage
common problem almost exclusive to premies, ranks second to RDS.
Often occurs in a subependymal erminal matrix layer
Necrotizing enterocolitis- NEC
ileum is most commonly affected, followed by the ascending colon, cecum, transverse colon, and rectosigmoid
Failure to thrive
inadequate growth of the child due to inability to obtain or use essential nutrients. May be organic or nonorganic.
Organic failure to thrive
inadequate growth due to congenital defect that makes sucking and feeding difficult.
Nonorganic failure to thrive
result of pschological factors that prevent adequate intake of nutrition.
SIDS- sudden infant death syndrome
defined as the sudden death of an infant younger than 1 year of age that remains unexplained after autopsy
Kernicterus
a form of jaundice occurring in newborns between the 2nd and 8th day after birth due to infiltration of bilirubin in basal ganglia and other areas of the brain
Salter- Harris Classification system
classification system that looks at epiphyseal fractures in children. They can affect growth. Clssified I through V
Hematopoietic system
composed of pluripotent stem cells that differentiate to form the RBCs, WBCs, PLT, through a process called hematopoiesis
Common health problems of adolecence
>80% of death: injures including suicide