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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing
Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion or collapse of a part of the lungs
Adventitious
Abnormal breath sound heard over the lungs
Alveoli
Small air sacs at the end of the terminal bronchioles that are the site of gas exchange
Bradypnea
Slow rate of breathing
Bronchial sounds
Those heard over the trachea; high in pitch and intensity, with expiration being longer than inspiration
Bronchodilator
Medication that relaxes contractions of smooth muscles of the bronchioles
Bronchovesicular
Normal breath sounds heard over the upper anterior chest and intercostal area
Eupnea
Normal respirations
Hemothorax
Blood that develops in the pleural space
Hyperventilation
Condition in which there is more than the normal amount of air entering and leaving lungs
Hypoventilation
Decreased rate or depth of air movement into the lungs
Hypoxemia
Deficient oxygenation of blood
Hypoxia
Inadequate amount of oxygen available to the cells
Pulmonary ventilation
Movement of air into and out of the lungs
Pleural effusion
Fluid in the pleural space.
Pneumothorax
Air in the pleural space
Spirometer
Instrument used to measure lung capacities and volumes; one type is used to encourage deep breathing (incentive spirometry)
Surfactant
Detergent-like phospholipid that reduces surface tension of the fluid lining the alveoli
Tachypnea
Rapid rate of breathing
Thoracentesis
aspiration of fluid or air from the pleural space
Tracheostomy
Artificial opening made into the trachea through which a tracheostomy tube is inserted
Vesicular breath sounds
normal sound of respirations heard on auscultation over peripheral lung areas
Wheezing
continuous, high-pitched squeak or musical sound made as air moves through narrowed or partially obstructed airway passages