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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cartographer
Mapmaker.
Asrolabe
Instrument uded to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars.
Caravel
Improved type of sailing ship in the 1400's.
Scurvy
Diease caused by lack of vitamin C in someones's diet.
Line of Demarcation
Separted Spain and Portugal's claims in the new world-claimed by the Pope.
Circumnavigate
Travel all the way around the Earth.
Matrilineal
Term for a family organization in which kinship ties are traced through the mother.
Outpost
Distant military station.
Sepoys
Indian soldiers in teh army set up by the French or English East India company.
Conquistador
Name for the Spanish Explorers who claimed lands int he Americas for Spain in the 1500's and 1600's.
Immunity
Natural Protection.
Alliance
Formal agreement between two or more nations or power to cooperate and come to one another's defense.
Civil War
War fought between two groups of people in the same nation.
Viceroys
Representative who ruled one of Spain's provinces in the Amercicas in the king's name; one who governed in India in the name of the Bristish monarch.
Plantations
Large estate run by an owener or overseer and worked by laborers who live there.
Encomiendas
Right the Spanish government granted to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans.
Peons
Worker forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off a debt.
Peninsulares
Member of the highest class in Spain's colonies in the Americas.
Creoles
Person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was a American-born descendant of Spanish settlers.
Mestizos
Person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was of Native American and European descent.
Mulattoes
In Spain's colonies in the Americas, person of African and European descent.
Missionaries
Someone who is sent on a religious mission.
Revenues
Money taken in through taxes.
Compact
An agreement.
Triangular Trade
Colonial trade route among Europe and its colnies, the West Indies, and Africa in which goods were exchanged for slaves.
Repeal
To cancel.
Monopoly
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group.
Inflation
Economic cycle that involves a rapid rise in prices linked to a sharp increase inthe amount of money available.
Capitalism
Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit.
Entrepreneurs
People whoo assumes financial risks in the hope of making a profit.
Joint Stock Company
Private trading company in which shared are sold to investors to finance business ventures.
Mercantilism
Policy by which a nation sought o export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver.
Tariff
Tax on imported goods.