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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scurvy
an illness contracted because of a lack of vitamin C
Sepoys
native americans recruited to fight in the armies
Circumnavigate
to sail around the world
Caravel
improved type of sailing ship in 1400s
Astrolobe
an instrument that is used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars
Cartographer
a map-maker
Matrilineal
a term for a family organization which kinship ties are traced through the mother
Outpost
distant military station
Conquistador
the name for the Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain
Immunity
natural protection
Alliance
formal agreement between two or more nations/powers to cooperate and defend one another
Viceroys
representative who ruled one of Spain's provinces in the Americas in the king's name
Tariff
tax on imported goods
Entrepreneurs
person who assumes financial risks in the hope of making a profit
Creoles
person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was an American-born descendent of Spainish settlers
Peons
worker forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off a debt
Plantations
large estate run by an owner or overseer and worked by laborers who live there
Encomiendas
right the Spainish government granted to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans
Civil War
war fought between two groups of people in the same nation
Peninsulares
members of the highest class in Spain's colonies in the Americas
Mestizos
person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was of Native American and European decent
Mulattoes
in Spain's colonies in the Americas, person of African and European decent
Missionaries
someone sent on a religious mission
Monopoly
complete control of a product or businessby one person or group
Inflation
economic cycle that involves a rapid rise in prices linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money available
Repeal
cancel
Capitalism
economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
Compact
agreement
Revenues
money taken in through taxes
Triangular Trade
colonial trade route among Europe and its colonies, the West Indies, and Afrca in which goods were exchanged for slaves
Joint Stock Company
private trading company in which shares are sold to investors to finance business ventures
Mercantilism
policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver