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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the French and Indian war?
Wars among Britainm France and the Established colonies, and Britain and the Native Americans over new territory.
What is a Republic?
A republic is a government in which the power of the people rules.
Who was Jean Jacques Rousseau?
He was a french Enlightenment thinker/philosopher.
Who were the pilgrims?
The pilgrims were english puritans who emigrated from England because of religous persecution. They were puritans because they wanted to " purify" the Catholic Church. They also founded Plymouth
Who were Indentured Servants?
Indentured servants were people who worked in a plantation in exchange for a dept that needed to be payed.
Where or what was New England?
New England was the established colonies in the " new world". Presently, they are on the north-eastern side of the United States.
What were or where are the Middle Colonies located?
The middle colonies were the colonies in the middle from the original thirteen original colonies. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania. These colonies focused on agriculture.
What were or where are Southern Colonies located?
The Southern colonies were located in the south of the original thirteen original colonies. These colonies were succesful in plantations, slavery. Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina.
What is Jamestown?
Jamestown was the first Permanent English Settlement in America. Berkley was the governor.
What is a Plantation?
A plantation is a self-centered settlement or estate in which staple crops cotton, and tobacco grow. Slave work here.
What is Mercantilism?
Mercantilism is the theory of selling more than what you buy will make you a bigger profit.
What is slavery?
Slavery is the act of forcing a person to work for you for free under a harsh work environment, no consideration.
What was Middle Passage?
The middle passage was the route where people from Africa traveled to America.
Who were the puritans?
Puritans were protestants of the Catholic Church in England. They wanted a better purification from the Catholic Church
What does "catholic" mean?
A member of the christian religion headed by the pope in the Vatican, Italy.
Who are American Indians?
American indians were Native Americans.
what is a Join-Stock Company?
Company owned by two stock holders.
Bacon’s rebellion
Rebellion in which Virginia farmers against colonial authorities, sir William Berkeley Bacon accused B of not protecting against Native Americans, bacon. Bacon attacked Indians
Royal colonies
A colony who’s governor was assigned by the king of England.
Magna Carta
King John of England signed document in which he promised he would lessen his power and give more power to the nobles.
The English supreme legislative branch.
Common Law
English unwritten law.
Proprietary Colonies
colonies owned or governed by propitiators.
Salem Witch Trials
persecution, accusation, of women from witches in Puritan New England in 1692. 20 people died. Arthur Miller's, The Crucible.
Triangular Trade
Trade among Europe, America, and Africa.
Town meetings
a meeting in a town to discuss issues that affected everyone.
Social Contract theory
every one should act according to society.
House of Burgesses
Representative assembly of colonial Virginia.
Royal Proclamation Line of 1763
: Boundary of American colonies that Britain acquired from France and Spain after the French and Indian War. You can not settle farther east.
Declaration of Independence
formal document that declared independence from the English
Navigation acts
restrictions that made the colonists not trade with the French or Spanish.
"Common Sense"
: a book written by Thomas Paine. He said that the colonists did not receive any benefit from the English, that England was exploiting them, and that it would be common sense for the colonists
Shay’s rebellion
Protest of poor farmers during a depression who wanted laws that would protect them because they could loose their property and could go to jail for debt. They wanted to stop heavy taxation. The protest helped change the articles of confederacy to the constitution of the United States
Great Compromise
Compromise of representation between the southern and northern states to be equally represented. The southern states agreed on the 3/5 compromise, as well as to end slavery in 20 years so that they would not be more represented (slave compromise).
3/5 compromise
Slaves counted as 3/ 5 to make northern and southern states equally represented
Slave Trade Compromise
Part of the great compromise. Compromise that southern and northern states had. Southern states could only ship slaves from Africa in 20 years, no later than that
group of people who wanted a stronger, well-thought government
group of people who did opposed the federalists by not wanting a stronger government; they would not clear of what the government would be like. They were afraid that the president would take powers just like the king.
government in which two levels of government control citizens. Central government and state government.
Checks and balances
Practice that allows different groups to have the same power, no other is more powerful, one has its advantages, and others have their advantages.
Judicial branch
branch that decides case under the constitution of the United States.
Legislative branch:
houses the senate and the House of Representatives, they can pass bills to become laws if they are signed by the president of the US.
Executive branch
the president the branch of the United States government devoted to administering and enforcing the country’s laws.
Double Jeopardy
Being tried twice for the same offence.
to show guiltiness of one self. Say, " I plegde the fifth", if you do not want to incriminate against yourself. The fifht means the Fifth Amendment.
Trial by jury
Everyone has the same opportunity to be judged in a trial
search and seizure
the U.S. Constitution places limits on the power of the police to make arrests, search people and their property, and seize objects and contraband (such as illegal drugs or weapons)
governed by the elite and rich.
a government ruled by the people, represented
governed by a king or queen. Various types of monarchies.
absolute ruler with out constitutions.
The government regulates every aspect of public and private behavior.
governed by a religious group.
William Penn
Founded the Pennsylvania province. His fair ruling of the province inspired the framers to write the constitution.
Anne Hutchinson
American feminist who was expelled because she went against the puritan rule; she said that people could interpret their own meaning of the bible if they could read, no other people could interfere with reading the bible, she later formed Delaware
The Enlighten period
historical period in which reason was used to rule. During this age, the colonist realized that they could benefit much if they separated form England. Eighteen century.
French enlighten writer who focused on self-defense liberties.
great contributor to western philosophy.
George Washington
lead American’s Continental War against Britain, first American president.
Thomas Paine
Enlightenment contributor to the American independence by writing Common Sense
The right of voting
Constitutional Convention
for four months, 55 delegates from the several states met to make a Constitution for a federal republic, they were going to frame it.
Electoral College
Formal body elected by voters who elect the president and vice president.
people who vote.
Executive order
an order from the executive branch.
to forgive
Pardon, non prosecution time.
National security
protection of a nation from danger.
Agreement among parties.
Treaty of Versailles
treaty that ended world war one.
An official, diplomatic representative
Senior official appointed by president to advice on policy.
two house, the senate and the house of representatives
a study of time of population that occurs every 10 years.
the people who are being represented
80. majority party
political party most belong to in congress
81. minority party
smaller party that less belong to in congress
Standing committees
people who work in a designated field.
years of service
Expressed power
specific powers granted by the constitution.
Implied power
powers not stated directly in the constitution
elastic clause
power used to meet the congress’ need
to accuse officials of misconduct in office
Ex post facto laws
no person shall be accused before a condemning law is created.
elastic clause
power used to meet the congress’ need
to accuse officials of misconduct in office
Ex post facto laws
no person shall be accused before a condemning law is created.
people hired by private groups to influence government decision makers.
Franking privilege
senators and representatives can send job-related mail and not be charged.
Case work
the work done by congress
Pork-barrel projects
government projects and grants that primarily benefit the home district or state.
Joint resolution
agreements between both houses.
special-interest group
A temporal group focusing on an issue
to talk a bill to death.
no one can speak for more than one hour.
completely unrelated amendments
Voice veto
voters say yes or no.
Roll-call vote
an official records the person’s vote.
to refuse, deny, reject