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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
most common infections causing salpingitis and oophoritis?
N.G., chlamydia, E.C., mycoplasma, anaerobes
what are consequences of salpingitis?
infertility and increased risk of ectopics
what are histoligical features of cysts
normal fillicle elements, granulose and thecal cells
what are histologic features of endometriosis
endometrial glands and stroma in follopian tube
symptoms of endometriosis
hemorrhage, scarring, pain
difference between endometriosis and endometrial carcinoma
endometriosis has endometrial glands and stroma outside the endometrium while cancer has evidence within the endometrium
categories of ovarian tumors
surface epithelial, germ cell, sex cord stromal
etiology of endometriosis
backwash during menstruation, benign mets, metaplastic transformation
what is most common category of ovarian tumor
surface epithelial
what type of ovearian tumor is most common in children
germ cell tumors
this surface epithelial tumor resembles tubal epithelial
serous tumors
this surface epithelial tumor resembles colonic epithelium
mucinous tumors
this surface epithelial tumor resembles endometrial epithelium
endometrioid tumors
what is a pseudomyxoma peritonei
mucinous tumor
jelly belly
clinical manifestation of cystadenoma
benign, no treatment
clinical manifestation of borderline tumor
usually indolent, only rarely aggressive
clinical manifestation of carcinoma
invasive, aggresive
tumor suppressor genes on ch 17 and 13
mutations lead to dysfunctional protein unable to repair DNA
mature teratoma
adult type tissue from various germ cell layers
most common tissue type in immature teratoma
neural tissue
careful removing them beacuse rupture can lead to peritoneal implants which place pt at high risk of disseminated disease
gliomatosis peritonei
when peritoneal implants from teratomas are neural
yolk sac tumor secretes
alpha fetoprotein
choriocarcinoma tumor secretes
granulose tumors secrete
estrogen (75%)
this causes endometrial hyperplasia/carcinoma which can lead to postmenopausal bleeding
what can cause post menopausal bleeding
granulose cell tumor (estrogen secretion)
meigs syndrom
pleural effusions, ascites, and ovarian mass (fibroma)