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103 Cards in this Set

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Name the 10 Plagues in order
Water turns to Blood. Frogs. Mosquitoes/gnats. Flies. Cattle die. Boils. Hail. Locust. Darkness. Death of Firstborn.
What did Moses do after crossing the Red Sea?
Composed a song of victory/ praise that expressed the people's faith in Yahweh.
What did the first Passover rituals entail?
- A one yr old male animal from the flock was sacrificed/roasted
- Isrealites ate unlevened bread and bitter herbs
- Israelites ate "ready to leave"
- Some blood was placed on the lintel and 2 doorposts
Name Moses' sister and what she did
Miriam. Followed the basket (baby moses) down the river/ secured their own mother as his nurse
What are some of the more general things Moses did?
founder of Israel's religion
Promulgator of the law
Organizer of the tribes (work and worship)
Why is Baby Moses named Moses? What is this from?
"because I drew him out of the water"
From: the hebrew name Moseh and the verb Masa ("to draw out")
What tribe is Moses from?
Levi
After killing the Egyptian, Moses flees to where?
Midian
After killing the Egyptian Moses settles with whom? Marries?
Settles with Jethro, marries his daughter Zipporah.
What is sometimes referred to as the "tetragrammaton"?
YHWH
When did the jewish community stop saying Yahweh?
from the period of the second temple on
After the deliverance at the Red Sea, the Israelites traveled to where?
Mt. Sinai
On the way to Mt. Sinai, God provided in what three ways?
-The provision of water at Marah and Rephidim
-Quail and Manna
- Victory over the Amalekites
Where were the 10 commandments issued?
Mt. Sinai
Identify the Tabernacle
A portable shrine, consisting of a square latticework frame of acacia wood covered by 2 large curtains
In the Tabernacle, what did the first curtain do?
formed the "main hall" the Holy Place
In the Tabernacle, what did the second curtain do?
covered the Holy of Holies
What guaranteed the Levites a permanent place in the priesthood?
Their reaction to "the golden calf fiasco"- they identified themselves with Yahweh and helped Moses restore order.
What river did the Israelites have to cross to enter the Promise land?
The Jordon.
What is "monolarty"?
Worship of one god
What is the "Shema" of Israel?
The Creed of Israel:
"Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might."
Duet. 6:4f
What is Heilsgeschishte?
The history of Salvation
The promise land was where?
Cannon
What is Yom Kippur?
The Day of Atonement. The most solemn day in Israel's calendar. Takes place on the 10th cay of the 7th month (late September). On this day, the high priest entered alone into the Holy of Holies-presented purification offerings (1st for himself, then for the "congregation")
What is Azazell?
"Scapegoat" released into the dessert on Yom Kippur- symbol, "carried" all the people's sins.
What are the 3 occasions during the year when all Israelites presented themselves before the Lord?
1. Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread
2. The Feast of Weeks
3. The Joyful Feast of Booths
According to Leviticus, what is the Sabbatical Year?
Every 7th year the people were to let their land lie fallow
According to Leviticus, what is the Year of Jubilee?
At the end of 7 Sabbatical Years, the Land AND the animals+ People rested
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the Sanctuary?
Priests
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the Camp?
People
In Israelite society, Who was allowed outside the camp?
Those temporarily unclean
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the wilderness?
Unclean spirits
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the inner court?
Levites
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the Holy Place?
Priests
In Israelite society, Who was allowed in the Holy of Holies?
High Priest
At Sinai, what was the estimated Israelite population?
Between 2.5 and 3 million.
What is "ola" and what is it's purpose?
Holocaust or whole burnt offering. To atone for basic human sinfulness.
What is "hattat" and what is it's purpose?
Purification or sin offering. To atone for a specific unwitting sin.
What is "asam" and what is it's purpose?
Guilt, trespass, or reparation offering. To atone for a sin requiring restitution or a breach of faith.
What is "minha" and what is it's purpose?
Grain or cereal offering. To secure or retain good will.
What is "selamin" and what is it's purpose?
Peace offerings or offerings of well-being. To render praise to Yahweh.
What is "ola" and what is it's purpose?
Holocaust or whole burnt offering. To atone for basic human sinfulness.
What is "hattat" and what is it's purpose?
Purification or sin offering. To atone for a specific unwitting sin.
What is "asam" and what is it's purpose?
Guilt, trespass, or reparation offering. To atone for a sin requiring restitution or a breach of faith.
What is "minha" and what is it's purpose?
Grain or cereal offering. To secure or retain good will.
What is "selamin" and what is it's purpose?
Peace offerings or offerings of well-being. To render praise to Yahweh.
What is "toda" and what is it's purpose?
Praise offering. For a blessing received.
What is "neder" and what is it's purpose?
Vow offering. In fulfillment of a vow.
What is "nedaba" and what is it's purpose?
Freewill offering. Spontaneously from a glad heart.
Identify Sabbath and it's purpose.
Day of rest; no work. Rest for people and animals.
Identify Sabbath year and it's purpose.
Year of rest; fallow fields. Rest for land.
Identify Year of Jubilee and it's purpose.
Cancelled debts, liberation of slaves and indentured servants, land returned to original family owner. Help for poor, stabilize society.
Identify Passover and it's purpose.
Slaying and eating a lamb, together with bitter herbs and bread made without yeast, in every household. Remember Israel's deliverance from Egypt.
Identify Unleavened Bread and it's purpose.
Eating bread made without yeast; holding several assemblies; making designated offerings. Remember how the Lord brought the Israelites out o Egypt in haste.
Identify Firstfruits and it's purpose.
Presenting a sheaf of the first of the barley harvest as a wave offering; making a burnt offering and a grain offering
Identify Weeks (Pentecost Harvest) and it's purpose.
A festival of joy; mandatory and voluntary offerings including the firstfruits of the wheat harvest.
Identify Trumpets (Latter: Rosh Hashanah-New Year's Day)
An assembly on the day of rest commemorated with trumpet blasts and sacrifices.
Identify Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) and it's purpose.
A day of rest, fasting and sacrifices of atonement for priests and people and atonement for the tabernacle and alter. Cleanse priests and people from their sins and purify the Holy Place.
Identify Tabernacles (Booths Ingathering) and it's purpose.
A week of celebration for the harvest; living in booths and offering scarifies. Memorialize the journey from Egypt to Canaan; give thanks for the productivity of Canaan.
Identify Sacred Assembly and it's purpose.
A day of convocation, rest and offering sacrifices. Commemorates the closing of the cycle of feasts.
Identify Purim and it's purpose.
A day of joy and feasting and giving presents. Remind the Israelites of their national deliverance in the time of Esther.
What is "Pentateuch"?
The first five books of the Old Testament
What are "the building blocks" of the pentateuch?
- Promise
- Election
- Deliverance
- Covenant
- Law
- Law and Land
When was 1 and 2 Samuel seperated into two books?
Early in the Christian era
What divides 1 and 2 Samuel?
Saul's death
Jewish tradition names whom author of Samuel?
Samuel
Who were Samuel's parents?
Hannah and Elkanah (from Ephiraim)
Who was Peninnah?
Elkanah's other wife who tourchered/taughnted Hannah for her beraeness
Define "Nazarite"
One who maintained the ancient way, favoring the semi-nomadic simplicity of earlier generations
Who were Phinehas ad Hophni?
Eli's wicked sons who
- limited the priest's share of the sacrifice
- demanded pieces of meat before the sacrificer offered it
Fornicated with the female attendants at the shrine
Describe the events leading up to Eli's death
The philisitnes attacked Isreal, and stole the ark (which had been taken into battle as an "advantage"), and killed Phinehas and Hophni. This news overwhelmed Eli and he died. Phineahas's widow went into labor at the news
Phineahas's widow named her son what?
Ichabod, meaning "no glory"
What was the Philistines' guilt offering when they returned the ark?
5 golden "tumors" and 5 golden "mice"
Define "Sacral kingship"
- Isreal's tradition
- Did not elevate the King to divine status
- King was God's representative charged with responsibilites of enforcing ( and emboding) the covenant
- Servant to his people
What were the 3 stages of Saul's ascent to King?
1) Anointed by Samuel
2) Was singled out by lot from the clan of Matrites and the tribe of Benjamin
3) "the test" of an Amorite invasion
T or F, prior to the time of Saul, Isreal had a standing army
False
Outline Saul's "fatal choice"
- Became impatient after waiting 7 days at Gilgal for Samuel to supervise the pre-battle sacrifice
- Saul performed the sacrifcie himself
- Saul ignored the command to kill ALL the Amalekites, their livestock, and their goods
What does David's name mean?
"beloved"
Where was David from?
Bethlehem
Identify Nabal
a Calebite, the first husband of Abigail. She later married David, whose men had guarded Nabal's flocks and shepherds, but without reward. David determined to attack Nabal but was dissuaded by Abigail. She duly informed her husband of his narrow escape. Nabal was stunned, and died shortly afterwards.
Identify Ishbosheth
a son of Saul, on whose death he reigned briefly. Baanah and Rechab murdered him, after his general, Abner, had deserted to David. The assassins brought Ish-bosheth's head, to David, hoping to be rewarded for killing the king's rival. David showed respect for the memory of Saul by executing the killers, and burying the disembodied head in the tomb of Abner at Hebron
When was the capital moved to Jerusalem?
After David was officially anointed king of ALL Israel.
After "moving into" Jerusalem, David did what?
rid the land of the Philistines and was able to control/ confine the enemy to their borders for the first time in 150 years
Nathan promised David what?
- a "great name"
- Stability for his people
- An intimate relationship between Gad and David's successors
And everlasting Dynasty
Whom did David appoint as priests?
Zadok and Ahimelech
Who was the Commander and chief of the Israelite troops?
Joab
Who were the leaders of the Philistine Mercenaries?
Cherehites and Pelethites
Identify the Benjiamite Sheba
He tried to rally Israel against David
Identify Mephibosheth
the son of Jonathan and father of Mica. He was lamed in childhood, when his nurse dropped him. David befriended Mephibosheth for Jonathan's sake. But during Absalom's rebellion, Mephibosheth's servant Ziba claimed that his master was hoping for David's overthrow. Mephibosheth later protested that this was an invention of Ziba, but David, unsure of his innocence, transferred half of Mephibosheth's property to Ziba. Later, when David had Saul's surviving descendants executed, he spared Mephibosheth out of regard for Jonathan. The Chronicler calls him Meribaal
Identify Ziba
a servant of Saul, subsequently appointed steward of Mephibosheth by David. During Absalom's rebellion Ziba brought David supplies, claiming that his master was disloyal to the king. David decided to give Mephibosheth's estates to Ziba. After Absalom's defeat Mephibosheth protested that Ziba's accusation was untrue, and that he had taken advantage of his master's lameness to desert Mephibosheth. Uncertain whom to believe, David divided the estate between the two disputants.
What were the consequences of David's sin with Bathsheba?
- The death of Bathsheba's baby
- The "loosening of the moral fibers of David's sons"
Identify Amnon
the son of David (his eldest) and Ahinoam. Amnon became infatuated with his half-sister, Tamar, and, aided by his cousin, Jonadab, raped her. Two years later, Absalom (Tamar's full brother) had Amnon murdered during the sheep-shearing festivities at Baal-hazor was the son of Zeruiah, nephew of David, brother of Abishai and Asahel, and commander of David's armies. Though at all times a staunch supporter of the king, Joab, by his violence, inspired no love in his master, who on his deathbed made arrangements for Joab's execution.
Identify Joab
Joab first began to follow David during his flight from Saul. After Saul's death Joab fought inconclusively against Abner, general of the forces of Ish-bosheth, who killed Asahel in a skirmish. Abner's decision to join David's side led Joab to have him murdered both to eliminate a rival for his post, and to avenge his brother's death. When David was king of both Israel and Judah, Joab led his forces in various successful military enterprises: he fought against the Ammonites and their Syrian allies (in which war, at the siege of Rabbah, he arranged the death of Uriah, on David's orders); after the murder of Amnon, Joab reconciled Absalom to his father, but when Absalom rebelled Joab defeated his army and later had the rebel son killed, for which David probably never forgave him. David then transferred the command of his armies to Amasa, but the delay of Joab's successor in quelling Sheba's revolt prompted David to recall Joab. He killed Amasa and duly crushed Sheba's uprising. On his death-bed, David, remembering Joab's various murders, advised Solomon to deal suitably with him. On Solomon’s orders, Benaiah killed Joab
Identify Absalom
David's third and favourite son. After Tamar's rape Absalom arranged the murder of the guilty Amnon, his half-brother and David's heir. He fled Israel and was sheltered by Talmai, son of the king of Geshur, until Joab arranged a reconciliation with David. Absalom subsequently plotted against his father, with the support of Ahithophel and others and the king fled Jerusalem in panic. Badly advised by David's ally, Hushai, who had feigned loyalty to him, Absalom was defeated in battle by Joab. As he fled the battlefield Absalom was caught by his head in the branches of a tree, and killed by Joab
Identify Barzillai
a wealthy Gileadite from Rogelim, was an ally of David. At the time of Absalom's rebellion Barzillai brought provisions for David's forces. After his victory the king invited the eighty-year-old Barzillai to live with him, but he declined on the grounds of his age, and instead sent Chimham (apparently, either his son or his favourite servant).
Identify Hushai
a wealthy Gileadite from Rogelim, was an ally of David. At the time of Absalom's rebellion Barzillai brought provisions for David's forces. After his victory the king invited the eighty-year-old Barzillai to live with him, but he declined on the grounds of his age, and instead sent Chimham (apparently, either his son or his favourite servant).
After sealing Solomon's appointment as king with an oath, David did what?
Turned over to Solomon his private army of Philistine mercenaries
What was David's dying request?
Vengeance apon the murder of Absalom and Amasa
How long did Solomon reign?
40 years
What was Solomon originally named?
Jedidiah, meaning "beloved by the Lord"
What happened to Solomon at Gibeon?
God offered him his choice of gifts, and he choose a wise and discerning mind
Who was Adoniram (or Adoram)
Superintendent of Solomon's labor crew who was assasinated
What special wife did Solomon build a special wing in his palace for?
Pharaoh's daughter