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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What do antiemetics do?
Suppression of nausea and vomiting
What are the most effective antiemetics?
Serotonin Receptor Antagonists
What are the serotonin receptor antagonists?
Ondansetron
Granisetron
Dolasetron
Palonosetron
What IV glucocorticoids are used to suppress vomiting?
methlprednisolone
dexamethasone
What is the action of Aprepitant?
Blocking substance P/neurokinin1 receptors
Aprepitant is commonly used with another antiemetic.
T or F
True
What is a benzodiazepine used to suppress vomiting?
Lorazepam
Dopamine Antagonists are effective antiemetics.
T or F
True
What is Dronabinol?
A Cannabinoid
What are the drugs for motion sickness?
Scopolamine (muscarinic antagonist)
Antihistamines
What are the antidiarrheal agents?
Opioids
Diphenoxylate
Loperamide
What is Alosetron?
Treats diarrhea predominant IBS in women
What is the mechanism of action of Alosetron?
Blockage of Serotonin receptors
What are the adverse effects of Alosetron?
Constipation
Ischemic Colitis
What is Tegaserod?
Treatment of Constipation predominant IBS
What is Sulfasalazine used to treat?
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
How does Sulfasalazine work?
Breaks down into 5-ASA that suppresses inflammation
Glucocorticoids are used to treat Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
T or F
True
What is the unique immunomodulator for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases?
Infliximab
What is the action of Prokinetic Agents?
Increase the tone and motility of the GI tract
What are the actions of Metoclopramide?
Blocking dopamine receptors
Increasing upper GI motility
What drug is used to treat oral mucositis?
Palifermin
How does Palifermin work?
Human keratinocyte growth factor