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42 Cards in this Set

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Castor Oil indication and dose
Stimulant laxative action within 2 - 6 hours. Dose 15-60 mls
Castor oil contraindication
In pregnant women. May induce premature labor
Colase (Docusate)
Emollient laxative 50-300 md daily. half dose for children
Kaopectate (attapulgite) Indication ans dosage
Is an antidiarrheal adsorbant alluminum magnese silicate. 600-1200 mg after each loose stool
Fibercon (calcium Polycarbophil) Indication and dosage
Adsorbant antidiarrheal. 1 g qd - qid
Pepto bismol (bismuth salicylate)
2 tabs qh prn max 8 doses in 24 h
Pepto bismol caution
Children after chicken pox or flu because may cause Reye's syndrome for its salicylate
Tums (Calcium carbonate)
usefull to treat GERD but may cause constipation
Milk of magnesia (magnesium hydroxide)
Usefull in heartburn frecuently causes diarrhea
Maalox (magnesium -aluminum)
Very common treatment for heartburn, secondary effect diarrhea
Tagamet drug, MOA and dose
Cimetidine. Inhibit acid secretion by competitively bloking H2 receptors on the parietal cells. 200 md bid
Cimetidine interactions
Increase serum concentrations of warfarin, phenytoin and theophyllin
Pepcid drug, MOA and dose
Famotidine. Inhibit acid secretion by competitively bloking H2 receptors on the parietal cells. 10 md bid
Zantac drug, MOA and dose
Ranitidine. Inhibit acid secretion by competitively bloking H2 receptors on the parietal cells. 75 mg bid or 150 md qd
Prilosec drug, MOA
Omeprazole. Proton pump inhibitor.
Omeprazole interactions
Inhibits hepatic metabolism and thus increase the serum concentration of phenytoin, warfarin and diazepam
Prevacid drug. MOA
Lanzoprazole. Proton pump inhibitor
Psyllium
Bulk forming laxative take up to 24-72 hours to work
Glycerin and biscodyl
produce stool movement within few hours
Enema fleet shouldn't be use in
Children younger that 2 years because of the risk of hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia and hypokalemia
Emollient laxatives shouldn't be use in
Acute constipation because they take 24 to 72 hours to work
Citrucel Drug
Methycellulose.
Citrucel MOA
Fiber laxative. Bulk forming agent.
Citrucel warnings
Take it with enough liquids or patient may shock
Dulcolax active ingredient
Docusate
Dulcolax MOA
Stool softener, laxative
Dulcolax time of action
12-72 hours
citrucel time of action
12-72 hours
Ex-lax Active ingredient
Sennosides
Ex-lax MOA
Stimulant laxative
Ex-lax time of action
6 - 12 hours
Metamucil/Fibersure Active ingredient
Psyllium husk
Metamucil/Fibersure & pregnancy
Safe category B
Metamucil/Fibersure Indication
IBS (intestinal bowel Syndrome), constipation, senility
Gas-Ex Active ingredient
simethicone
Gas-Ex indication
Pressure, bloating commonly referred to as gas
Imodium Active ingredient
Loperamide
Imodium tablets Dosage
2 tablets after the first loose stool, the 1 tablet after each subsecuent loose stool, but no more that 4 in 24 hours. Don't use for more than 2 days
Gaviscon Active ingredients
Aluminum Hydroxide + Magnesium carbonate
Gaviscon indication
Heartburn, sour stomach, upset stomach, acid indigestion
Maalox active ingredients
Aluminum Hydroxide + Magnesium hydroxyde
Maalox indication
Heartburn, sour stomach, upset stomach, acid indigestion