Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tel
A mound of buried cities- Tels inside look like giant layer cakes- Digging is done in square holes
Balk
The walls of a hole
Shard
A piece of broken pottery
Ostracon/Ostraca
A piecce of pottery with writing
Stele
A stone monument
Artifact
Any object altered by human skill
OT Languages
Hebrew
Aramaic
Greek-Septuagint
Latin-Vulgate
English-Tyndale
Hebrew
One of the original languages of the Old Testament
Aramaic
One of the original languages of the Old Testament
Greek- Septuagint
3rd cent BC translation of the Old Testament- The name means "seventy" abbreviated LXX- Used by Paul and the early church
Latin- Vulgate
4th Cent. AD translation of Old Testament-"Vulgate"- Work of Jerome

Popular for over 1000 years
English- Tyndale
English translation- he was martyred for his work- called "The Father of the English Bible"
Masoretes
9th Cent AD copiers of Hebrew text- Name means transmitters- Manuscripts used to translate our Bibles- They counted verses, words, and every letter- Greatest contribution- vowels added- Wrote vowels above and below words b/c thought Hebrew was a holy language (would not divide the words to insert vowels)
Papyrus
Material used to write the Bible on- 10th century BC- forerunner of paper
Revelation
Truth and Information, originated in God, made known by Divine self-disclosure
Inspiration
The process by which the Revelation was written down
Illumination
The enlightenment of the Holy Spirit on the mind of the believer as he reads the Inspired Revelation
OT Divisions
39 books
Covers 1000 years
About 30 different authors

First 17 (Genesis- Esther) give an account of Israel's historical development through about 5th century BC

5 books (Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon) are classified as wisdom literature and poetry

Last 17 books (Isaiah- Malachai) record the messages of the prophets who arose in Israel from time to time to declare God's word

4 centuries between OT and NT

Modern Hebrew Bible divided differently