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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bible as a seed
Mark 4 (parable of sower)
-seed is the word - looks lifeless, but in right conditions transforms into life
-need receptive heart - can't change just by reading
Bible as a mirror
James 1/John Calvin
-mirror of the soul
-where Christians go for inner-reflection
-Torah (Law)
-Nebi'im (prophets)
-Ketubim (writings)
-Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
-same in English and Hebrew Bibles
-former:Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
-latter:Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the 12 minor prophets
-miscellaneous collection
-Psalms, Job, Megillot(5 festival scrolls: Ruth, SS, Eccl., Lament., Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Neh., Chronicles)
Distance readers feel from the OT
-temporal distance (15th-13th cent. BC - 500 AD)
-cultural distance (ancient Semetic culture)
-redemptive historical distance - how do we read the Bible w/ the knowledge of Christ?)
how much of Bible is made up of OT?
What was Jesus' view of the canon?
-affirmed narrow canon, not apocrypha
-agreed w/ pharisees on scripture; they affirmed narrow canon
-400-1000 BC
-transmitted the text: standardized, vocalized, and accented the text (chose Babylonian traditions in times when things conflicted)
-adding vowels to text
-Massoretes did so by putting dots above and below letters
1st edition of a biblical book, no error
triggers reading strategy
-"reed" or "measuring stick" in Hebrew
-refers to selected works of scripture that are the standards of faith and practice
-canon defines the church, not the other way around
-"hidden" in Greek
-8 books that make up the extended canon
-used in Catholic church
-Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible
-2nd cent. BC
Samaritan Pentateuch
-follows Palestinian text tradition
-first 5 books are Law
Massoretic Text
-from Babylonian text tradition
-similar to Codex Leningradensis
-best translation w/ exception of Jeremiah, Job, and Samuel
-90 AD
-meeting of Jewish rabbis after destruction of Temple in 70 AD
-discussed 5 disputed books: Song of Songs, Esther, Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, and Ezekiel
Dead Sea Scrolls
-found in Qumran
-supported Codex Leningradensis
-provide an account from 3rd cent. BC to 1st cent. AD
-ways of interpreting
-Hebrew Bible
-Torah, Nebi'im, Ketubim
-Latin translation of the Bible
-translated by Jerome in 400 AD
Tiqunne sopherim
-"dots of the scribes"
-dots above errors
-evidence of pre-massoretic text-critical analysis
Codex Leningradensis
-1006 AD
-oldest complete Hebrew manuscript
-w/in BHS
-Aramaic version of early translation
Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia
-modern scholarly Hebrew Bible
-Codex Leningradensis printed w/in it
7 principles of interpretation
1-look for author's intended meaning
2-read passage in context
3-identify genre of the passage
4-consider historical/cultural background of Bible
5-pay attention to grammar/structure
6-interpret experience in light of scripture
7-always seek full counsel of scripture
Lenses through which we read:
-objective (culture, education, etc.)
1-"treasure chest of golden truths"
2-"grab bag of promises and comforts"
3-"complication of riddles and secrets"
what is source criticism?
method of finding previously existing sources that contributed to a Biblical book
Documentary hypothesis
-JEDP (Jehovist, Elohistic, Deuteronomic, Priestly)
-drawing out of source criticsim
J source
-associated w/ S. Jerusalem
-uses name Yahweh
-Anthropromorphic view of God (gives him human qualities)
E source
-9th century BC
-uses name Elohim
-focused more on "moralistic and religious" sources
D source
-associated closely w/ Deuteronomy
-622 BC
-favored centralized altar
P source
-concerned with laws, geneologies, traditions, etc. (priestly duties)
-18th century French doctor
-came up with documentary thesis
-2 separate sources based on the use of divine names (Yahweh and Elohim)
-finalized documentary hypothesis theory
-4 criteria:
1-use of divine names
4-different theologie
more than one account of a biblical story
24 hour creation
-God created the world in 6 literal 24 hour days (yom)
Framework hypothesis
-God created the realms in the first three days, then filled them in the second three