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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scaphoid Fractures: complications
Nonunion and malunion common due to poor blood supply
Scaphoid Fractures: treament
Reduction
Closed cast including a thumb
Monitor
Scaphoid Fractures: epidemiology
Young people because radius is strong enough to transmit force to scaphoid during a fall
Distal Radial Fractures: treatment
Most common: closed reduction + cast (6wks)
Intra-articular with severe displacement (>2mm radial-carpal space): surgery - open reduction + bone grafting + external fixation
Distal Radial Fractures: complications
Post-traumatic, Intra-articular osteoarthritis
Forearm Fractures: complications
Malunion and nonunion
Torn interosseous membrane
Proximal radial ulnar instability
Forearm Fractures: treatment
Reduction a must! (preserve forearm rotation)
ORIF
Distal Humeral Fractures: epidemiology
Intra-articular
Bi-modal age distribution
Distal Humeral Fractures: complications
Stiffness (most common)
Distal Humeral Fractures: treatment
ORIF for early mobility and to reduce stiffness
Surgical approach: posterior with patient in lateral decubitus postion to avoid vessels
Elderly: total elbow replacement
Humeral shaft fractures: complications
Radial nerve injury
Humeral shaft fractures: treatment
Most common - closed reduction + splining only
Open fracture and malunion with splinting: ORIF
Clavicular Fractures: epidemiology
At birth and falls
Associated injuries common
Clavicular Fractures: treatment
FIx associated injuries
Sling with symptomatic treatment
Shoulder Disclocation: terminology
Type: congenital, acute, recurrent, chronic
Location: antierior, posterior inferior, intra-thoracic, multidirectional
Shoulder Injury: diagnosis
Lateral (trans-axillary) radiograph - best way to see dislocation
What type of shoulder instability most commonly affects athletes?
acromioclavicular
What fractures are prone to malunion or nonunion?
Scaphoid
Femoral neck
Forearm