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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what is another name for Chondromalacia Patella; people usually have pain going up and down stairs
Runner's Knee
Most common foot problem
Plantar fasciitis
Flexion of the PIP of the foot is called?
Hammer toe
Dorsal dislocation of the proximal base of the 2nd metatarsal is?
Lisfranc Injury
Transverse fracture of the 5th metatarsal at the junction of the proximal mtetatarsal and the diaphysis
Jones Fracture
Avulsion Fracture of the base of the 5th Metatarsal
Pseudo Jones
Stress fracture usually of the middle of the shaft of the 3rd metatarsal (or 4th)
March fracture
What test do you do if you have a calcaneous fx?
CT the calcaneous and lumbar spine
What are the Ottawa Ankle rules?
X-ray ankle if:
Tenderness in either malleolus (including distal 6 cm)
Inability to walk 4 steps at scene or ER

X-ray foot if:
Tenderness of navicular or base of 5th metatarsal
Inability to walk 4 steps at scene or ER
What is the most common ankle ligament sprained?
Anterior talofibular ligament
If + medial malleolar fx, what else should you check?
Check for proximal fibula fx (Maisonneuve fx)
This fracture is produced primarily by rotational force; “explosion fracture” produced by axial loading
Tibial Pilon Fracture
Which compartment is most commonly affected by compartment syndrome
Anterior
What are the 5 P's of compartment syndrome?
pain
paresthesia
pallor
poikilothermia
pulselessness
+ Thompson test
Achilles tendon rupture
what is the MC hip dislocation and it's cause
Posterior dislocation caused by knee into the dashboard
What are signs of urethral injury?
High-riding prostate
Scrotal hematoma
Blood at the urethral meatus
MC knee surgery
Medial meniscus tear
Lag knee is indicative of this injury
PCL injury
This ligament prevents anterior translation of the tibia
ACL
This ligament goes from the lateral femur to medial tibia
ACL
This ligament originates on the medial femoral condyle and inserts on the lateral tibia.
PCL
locking, catching episodes
pain with squatting
+ McMurray
Medial meniscus injury
What tests can you perform to test for an ACL injury?
Lachman
Anterior drawer
Unhappy triad, caused by a lateral blow to the knee.
ACL tear
MCL tear
Medial meniscus tear
Injury to the tibial tuberosity can produce this in adolescents
Osgood-Schlatters Disease.