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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AKA
Above knee amputation
Osteoblast
Bone forming cell
Osteoclast
Bone resorption cell
Osteocyte
Mature bone cell
Cortical bone
Compact bone
Cancellous bone
Latticelike bone structure; trabecular bone
Bursa
fluid filled sace found in connective tissue usually in the area of joints
BKA
below kneea amputation
Bursitis
inflammation of a fluid filled sac in the joint (bursa)
Cast Syndrome
psychological (claustrophobic reaction) or physiologic (superior mesenteric artery syndrome) responses to confinement in body cast
Arthroplasty
replacement of a joint
Callus
cartilaginous/fibrous tissue at the fracture site
Crepitus
grating sound of sensation by rubbing bony fragments together
Delayed Union
prolongation of expected healing time for a fracture
Diaphysis
shaft of long bone
Ankylosis
fixation or immobility of a joint
Arthritis
inflammation of a joint
Osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease
Osteophyte
a bony outgrowth or protuberance; bone spur
Pannus
proliferation of newly formed synovial tissue infiltrated with inflammatory cells
Rheumatic diseases
numerous disorders affecting skeletal muscles, bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and joints
Rheumatoid arthritis
autoimmune disease of unknown origin
Subchondral bone
bony plate that supports the articular cartilage
Tophi
accumulation of crystalline deposits in articular surfaces, bones, soft tissue, and cartilage
Atonic
without tone; denervated muscle that atrophies
Atrophy
shrinkagelike decreases in the size of a muscle
Cartilage
tough, elastic, avascular tissue at ends of bone
Clonus
rhythmic contraction of muscle
Contracture
abnormal shortening of muscle of joint
Effusion
excess fluid in joint
Endosteum
thin, vascular membrane covering the marrow cavity of long bones and the spaces in cancellous bone
Epiphysis
end of long bone
Fascia
fibrous tissue that covers, supports, and seperates muscles
Fasciculation
involuntary twitch of muscle fibers
Flaccid
limp; without muscle tone
Hypertrophy
enlargement increase in size of muscle
Isotonic contration
muscle tension unchanged, muscle shortened, joint moved
Isometric contraction
muscle tension increased, length unchanged, no joint motion
Joint
area where bone ends meet; provides for motion and flexibility
Joint capsule
fibrous tissue that encloses bone ends and other joint surfaces
Kyphosis
increase in the convex curvature of the spine
Lamellae
mature compact bone structures that form concentric rings of bone matrix; lamellar bone
Ligament
connect bone to bone
Lordosis
increase in lumbar curvature of the spine
Ossification
process in which minerals (calcium)are deposited in bone matrix
Osteogenesis
bone formation
Osteon
microscopic functional bone unit
Parasthesia
abnormal sensation (burning, tingling, numbness)
Periosteum
fibrous connective tissue covering bone
Remodeling
process that ensures bone maintenance through simultaneous bone resorption and formation
Resorption
removal/destruction of tissue such as bone
Scoliosis
lateral curving of the spine
Spastic
having greater than normal muscle tone
Synovium
membrane in joint that secretes lubricating fluid
Tendon
Connect muscle to bone
Tone
normal tesion (resistance to stretch) in resting muscle
Trabeculae
latticelike bone structure; cancellous bone
Brace
externally applied device to support the body or a body part, control movement, and prevent injury
Cast
rigid external immobilizing device molded to contours of body part
CPM-Continuous passive motion device
promotes range of motion, circulation, and healing
Edema
soft tissue swelling due to fluid accumulation
External Fixator
external metal frame attached to bone fragments to stabilize them
Fracture
break in the continuity of the bone
Heterotopic ossification
mispalced formation of bone
Neurovascular status
neurologic (motor and sensory components) and circulatory functioning of a body part
ORIF-Open reduction with internal fixation
open surgical procedure to repair and stabilize a fracture
Osteomyeltis
infection of the bone
Osteotomy
Surgical cutting of the bone
Sling
bandage used to support an arm
Splint
Device designed specifically to support and immobilize a body part in a desired position
Traction
application of a pulling force to a part of the body
Trapeze
overhead assistive device to promote patient mobility in bed
Contracture
abnormal shortening of muscle or fibrosis of joint structures
Involucrum
new bone growth around a sequestrum
Radiculopathy
disease of a nerve root
Sciatica
sciatic nerve pain; pain travels down back of thigh into foot
Sequestrum
dead bone in abscess cavity
Tendinitis
inflammation of muscle tendons
Allograft
tissue harvested from a donor for use in another person
Amputaion
removal of a body part, usually a limb or a part of a limb
Arthroscope
surgical scope injected into the joint to examine or repair
Autograft
tissue harvested from one area of the body and used for transplantation to another are of the same body
Contusion
blunt force injury to soft tissue
Debridement
surgical removal of contaminated and devitalized tissues and foreign materal
Delayed Union
prolongation of expected healing time for a fracture
Disarticulation
amputation through a joint
Dislocation
complete seperation of joint surfaces
Fracture
a break in the continuity of a bone
Fracture Reduction
restoration of fracture fragments into anatomic alignment
Malunion
healing of a fractured bone in a malalgned position
Nonunion
failure of fractured bones to heal together
Phantom Limb Pain
pain perceived in an amputated section
RICE
rest, ice, compress, elevate
Sprain
an injury to ligaments and muscles and other soft tissues at a joint
Strain
a musculotendinous stress injury (tear)
Subluxation
Partial seperation of joint surfaces
What are the 5 p's?
pain, pallor, pulse paresthesia, paralysis