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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ankylosis
Stiffness or fixation of a joint by disease or surgery
Arthrofibrosis
Intra articular scarring leading to impaired motion or function
Arthroplasty
To modify a joint by microfracture or resurfacing
Arthroscopic debridement
To clean out the joint
Arthroscopy
Joint examination with a fibroptic endoscope placed into the joint
Autograft
Same individual's tissue
Allograft
Donor tissue from same species
Avulsion fracture
A ligament or tendinous attachment is pulled off with a piece of bone because the attachment was stronger than the bone
Baker's Cyst
Localized fluid accumulation in the posterior fossa of the knee (Popliteal Cyst)
Bankart Lesion
Bony on soft tissue avulsion associated with anterior shoulder instability
Bankart procedure
Eponym for anterior capsular repair of IGHL for anterior shoulder instability (Axillary nerve at risk)
Bone callus
Immature healing bone
BPTB
Bone pattelar tendon bone: tissue used as reconstruction by ACL
Bristow procedure
Eponym using conjoined tendon transfer (reconstruction) for anterior shoulder instability (Musculotaneous nerve at risk)
Carcinoma
Cancer of epithelial origin
Cellulitis
Diffuse and especially subcutaneous inflammation of connective tissue
Chondromalacia
Soft cartilage; a condition without reference to etiology
Comminuted fracture
Bone broking into more than 2 fragments
Compound fracture
Bone broke and skin open
Discoid Meniscus
Congenital variation of the normal semilunar cushion cartilage, in which the meniscus is a disc like shape
Ectomy
To cut out
Edema
Fluid "loose" in the tissue which has escaped from the vascular or lymphatic spaces causing local or generalized swelling
Greenstick fracture
Incomplete fracture that passes only partially through the shaft of a bone in a child; a bone fracture in a young individual in which the bone is partly broken and partly bent
Hernia
Protrusion of a loop of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening
Heterotopic bone
The formation of new bone in an abnormal location, often as a result of trauma or surgery
Hill-Sachs lesion
Posterior humeral head compression fracture associated with anterior shoulder stability
HAGL
Humeral avulsion of glenoid ligament
Jones fracture
5th metatarsal fracture of the diaphysis often requiring surgical treatment
Mal union
Improper bone healing
Monteggia fracture
A fracture in the proximal part of the ulna with dislocation of the head of the radius
Mumford
An eponym for distal clavicule excision
Neutraceuticals
Natural substances to help chondrocytes form and heal joint surfaces (e.g. Glucosamine, Condroitin sulfate)
Non union
Bone failing to heal
Osis
A condition of; implies no inflammation
Osteoclasis
A gradual stretching of bone after is has been fractured
Osteopenia
X-ray characteristics of reduced bone density
Osteoporosis
A pathologic diagnosis of reduced bone quality
Otomy
To surgically break a bone
Plasty
To form
Resect
To remove
Sarcoma
Cancer of connective tissue origin
Septic
Infectious
Sprain
Injury to a ligament
Strain
Injury to muscle or tendon
Stress fracture
Bone discontinuity from overuse as a result of inadequate healing between insults
Subluxation
Partial dislocation
Synovium
The dense connective tissue membrane that secretes synovial fluid and that lines the ligamentous surfaces of articular capsules, tendon sheaths where free movement is necessary