Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
O'Donoghue Maneuver
Grasp the patient's head with both hands. Turn head against isometric resistance - muscle strain. Passively turn head - ligament sprain.
Adson's Test
Take radial pulse at wrist, continue abduct, extend and externally rotate. Determine state of subclavian artery
Thoracic Outlet Sydrome
Apley's Stratch Test
Positive sign indicates degenerative tendonitis of one of the tendons of the rotator cuff, usually supraspinatus tendon
Rotator cuff
Apprehension Test
Shoulder dislocation. Abduct & externally rotate arm - Anterior shoulder dislocation trauma.
Flex & internally rotate arm - posterior dislocation of the humerus
Shoulder Dislocation
Codman's Sign (Drop Arm Test)
Abduct and slow lower arm - rotator cuff tear (rapture of the supraspinatus tendon)
Dawbarn's Test
Palpate affected shoulder joint deeply to find a well-localized tender area at the subacromial bursa. W/finger in painful spot, abduct arm passively - pain disappears = positive = subacromial Bursitis
Shoulder, Bursitis
Speed's Test
Forward flex the arm, withteh forearm supinated and the elbow completely extended' aginst the resistance of an eccentric movement into extension of the practitioner.
Positive - increased tenderness in the bicipital groove and - bicipital Tendonitis
Bicipital Tendonitis
Yergason Test
Flexed Elbow and external rotate. Determines whether or not the biceps tendon is stable in the bicipital groove.
Positive - biceps tenosynovitis or involvement of the transverse humeral ligament.
Bicipital Tendinitis
Cozen's Test
A positive sign is indicated by a sudden pain in the area of the lateral epicondyle or the humerus.
Lateral Epicondylitis
Mill's Test
Passively flex the elbow and the wrist supporting the Olecranon and holding the wrist; extend the elbow smoothly while pronating the forearm.
Positive - pain over the lateral epicondyle of the humerus - lateral epicondylitis.
Elbow - lateral epicondylitis
Stability Testing
arm is extended and supinated. Support the elbow with 1 hand; slight flexes while the practitioner pushes on medial aspect of the wrist; Repeat on lateral aspect of wrist.
Positive = sprain
annular, medial, and lateral collateral ligaments.
Phalean's Test
Prayer and reverse prayer for 1 minute.
Positive test is indicated by tingling in the thumb, index finger and middle and lateral half of th ring finger and is indicative of carpal tunnel syndrome caused by pressure on the median nerve.
Tinel's Test
Tap the center of wrist crease for 30 seconds.
Positive test causes tingling or paresthesia in thumb, index finger, and middle and lateral half of the ring finger (median nerve distribution) - Carpal Tunnel Syndrome).
Finkelstein Test
Patient makes a fist tucking the thumb under the other fingers; the pr. stabilizes the forearm with one hand and deviates the wrist to the ulnar side tih the other hand.
Sharp pain = tunnel 1. stenosing tenosynovitis of the extensor pollicis longus.
Milgram Test
Straight and raise legs 2" and hold for 30 sec.
Positive = cannot hold this position, can't lift legs, or reproduced symptoms = herniated disk
Lower back
Bragard Test
At pain point, lower the leg slightly, then dorsiflex the foot.
Negative = no sciatic pain
Positive = reproduce sciatic pain
Lower back, sciatica
Ely's Test
Femoral nerve stretch - pt. prone, bring the heel to the opposite butt.
Positive = problem in rectus femoris (inflammation of femoral nerve root)
Low back, hip
Nachlas Test (prone knee bending test)
- for tight rectus femoris, upper lumbar joint lesion, upper spine nerve root lesion, hypomobile sacroliac joint.
- Pt. prone. Passively flex the knee as far as possible so that the heel rests against ipsilateral butt.
Positive - pain radiating down to anterior thigh - rectus femoris
Pain in lumbar spine - lumbar spine
Pain in sacroiliac area - sacroiliac disorder.
Rectus femoris
Patrick (FABERE) Test
Hip joint Flexion, Abduction, External, Rotation, Extension
Foot of involved side is placed on top of opposite knee. Hip joint is flexed, acducted and externally rotated. Pressure down on knee with other side fixed.
Positive = a coax pathologic condition or a scroiliac joint pathology.
Hip issues
Tendelenburg Test
Observe walk . Have pt. lift one knee, watch from back. Looking for a drop on the side opposite to the problem.
Detects muscular weakness - gluteus Medius.
Positive - Iliac crest level hight on standing side/ low on the side of elevated leg.
Thomas Test
Pt. pulls knee to chest. Look for opposite leg to lift up off the table - hip flexor contracture - shortened hip flexor muscles.
Also test for SI joint - Lower back lordosis, should flatten out.
SI joint and hip
Hibb's Test
Pt. prone, stabilize unaffected side of the pelvis. Grasp ankle of affected leg, flex the knee to 90 degrees or more and push the leg laterally. The hip is medially roated as far as possible. While pushing, palpate the SI joint on the same side.
Positive - pain in palvic - SI lesion
Yeoman's Test
Pt. prone, passobely extend let - lift it; put pressure with other hand across the SI joint.
Anterior thigh paresthesia - temoral nerve root inflammation
Lumber pain - lumbar involvement
Pain localized to SI - pathology in the anterior SI ligament.
Thai - see the moon
Apley's compression (grinding) and distraction test
Compression - torn Meniscus - rotate tibia internally and externally on femur while compressing medial and lateral menisci.
Distraction - distinguish meniscal & ligamentous problems - traction while rotating tibia internally & externally on femur. if rotation plus distraction is more painful, the lesion is ligamentous. if rotation plus compression is more painful, the lesion is a meniscus ingury.
Posterior Drawer
Evaluates the posterior cruciate ligament.
Knee in 90 degrees of flexion with the pt. supine, foot stabilized on the table. Grasp the anterior aspect of the tibia over the tibial tuberosity and push forward (displacing the tibia posteriorly) with a steady force. If the tibia moves posteriorly more than normal (compare with the uninjured leg) the test is positive. This is indicative of a posterior cruciate ligament tear.
PCL tear
Anterior Drawer
Evaluates the anterior cruciate ligament.
Knee in 90 degrees of flexion with the pt. supine, foot stabilized on the table.Grasp the posterior aspect of the tibia over the upper calf muscle and pull forward with a steady force. If the tibia bone pulls forward more than normal (compare with the uninjured leg) the test is positive. This is indicative of an anterior cruciate ligament tear.
ACL tear
Valgus or abduction stress test
Evaluates the medial collateral ligament.
Place the knee in thirty degrees of flexion. While stabilizing the knee, abduct the ankle. If the knee joint abducts greater than normal (compare with the uninjured leg), the test is positive. This is indicative of a medical collateral ligament tear.
medical collateral ligament
Varus or adduction stress test
Evaluates the lateral collateral ligament. To perform this test, place the knee in thirty degrees of flexion. While stabilizing the knee, adduct the ankle. If the knee joint adducts greater than normal (compare with the uninjured leg), the test is positive. This is indicative of a lateral collateral ligament tear.
lateral collateral ligament