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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
wire bending instruments
139 bird beak
three prong plier
heavy wire cutter
mm ruler
wax mrking penicl
glass slab
instruments for band application
double ended serrated amalgum condenser

rt angled band pusher
post. band remover plier
139 plier
boone gauge
scaler/band pusher
instruments for flame soldering
ortho blowpipe


silver wire solder

ss flux

lead pencil

mounting plaster for wire protetction

7 wax instrument

sticky wax
solder joint finishing instruments
slow speed


heatless stones

seperating disks

rubber wheels

robinson bristle bursher

stick rouge
acrylic processing instruments
bunsen burner
7 waxing instrument
sticky wax
acrylic monomer
small brush
pressure pot
standard boley gauge
acrylic trimming burs
pumice for polishing
band cementation instrumens
cement spatula

glass slab

zinc phos cement

masking tape for carrying bands to teeth

boone Gauge
checks the bracket condition
boley gauge
used to measure width and help position brackets on teeth
scaler pusher
one side removes excess cement

one side is serrated to fit the band
what plane are first order bends in?
what plane are second order bends in?
vertical plane
third order bends
three purposes of first order bends design
1.right first molar offset
2.right and left canine offset
3.right and left later insets
2 pursposes of 2nd order bends
1.left vertical loop distal to canine offset
2. left stop loop mesial to first molar in same position as right molar offset
3 wire types
nickel titanium
nickel molybdenum
types of wires
characteristics of heavy wire
stiffer and stabilizes the teeth
characteristics of light wire
flexible and moves the teeth
as diamater of the wire increases, what happens to force?
it increases
as length of the wire increases, what happens to force?
it decreases
what 2 things should be done to increase force/
increase diamer of wire and shorten wire
what type of wire causes the most movement of the teeth?
light continuous wire
3 wire components to a removable ortho appliance
the three wire components to a lab fabricated orth applicance are

not every ortho appliance has all 3 components
indirect method
fabrication of wire components of removable or fixed ortho appliances that are done in the lab

these wire components include
direct method
fabrication of wire componets of fixed ortho appliances that are done directly in pts mouth

wire components include: secional or continuous arch wires, leveling, stabilizing, or upright arch wires
2 pliers used to fabricate most wire components
139 bird beak and 3 prong plier
purpose of 110 howe plier
had flat serrated beaks and is used to hold or grasp wires
how shold wires be bent on plier?
wires should be bent around round edge of any plier to avoid scoring the wire which may cause breakage

the plier is held as a vice and the wire is bend around the round beak with the fingers
how are dimensioin of wires written?
in US as inches
ex: 014=0.014 in
round wire ranges
round wires range in size from 008 to 060
2 common square wire sizes
016 x 016
and 018x 018
4 common rectangular wires
016 x 022
017 x 025
018 x 025
0215 x 0275
`wires used to move teeth
arch wires with smaller dimensions that produce lighter forces
wires used to stabilize teeth
wires with larger dimensions that produce heavier forces are used to stailize teeth
does an increase in size of wire create faster tooth movement?
NO but it does create more force
first order bends
in horizontal plane (facial/buccal or lingual/palatal) these are also called artistic bends. they are usually mild bends in wire or small horizontally oriented helical loops
second order bends
in vertical plane (apical/gingival or occlusal/incisal) most loop designs or helices are bent in this plane.
purposes of loops (second order bends)
allow full bracket engagement, close spaces, attach auxiliary devices, or alter load deflection rate of wire. these designs allow application of improved force to teeth
third order bends
created by twisting the wire. seen in square or rectangular wire and used to make buccal or lingual rooth torque to teeth.

torque can be progressive along a wire or immediate in a small area
what wires are third orderbends seen in?
square or rectantular wires and used to make buccal or lingual rooth torque in teeth
3 types of clasps
C clasps
Ball clasps
Adams clasps
3 types of bows/arches/bars
labial bows

Lingual arches/Nance holding arch

Transpalatal arches/bars
2 types of springs/helices
Z springs

Single or double helical springs
size of C clasps
032 or sometimes 036
size of adams clasp
wire sizes for labial bows
030, 032, 036, 040
wire size for lingual arches/ Nance holding arch
wire size for Z spring
018, 020, or 022 for anterior teeth
purpose of serrated amalgam plgger/condenser
finger held band adapter
Boone gauge purpose
aide in placing brackets in consistent vertical position on tooth
why is it so great to have uniform bracket heights?
bc it decreases need to make compensatory vertical or second order bends in arch wire
Purpose of Boley gauge
has mm markings to used to measure distances on wires or betweeen teeth. NOT used to determine bracket heights
what is used to cary a band filled w/dental cement to a tooth for ortho banding?
masking tape
wht is used as antiflux in soldering?
lead pencil
what prevents heat from soldering flame from annealing wire?
mortie or mounting plaster
what allows the acrylic to be seperated from the cast?