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35 Cards in this Set

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special tests for SI joint pain
1) Patrick's (FABER) test
2) Pelvic compression test
3) Gaenslent's test
special tests for Piriformis syndrome
1) Piriformis test
special tests for leg length discrepancies
1) visual method
2) true leg length
3) apparent leg length
4) Trendelenburg test
5) Thomas's test
6) Ober's test
special tests for ACL laxity
1) Lachmann's test
2) Anterior drawer test
3) pivot shift test
special tests for PCL laxity
1) posterior drawer test
2) quad active drawer test
3) posterior sag sign (Godrey's sign)
special tests for MCL laxity
1) valgus stress test
special tests for LCL laxity
1) varus stress test
special tests for posterolateral corner injury
1) excessive external rotation
2) posterolateral drawer test
3) reverse pivot shift
4) external rotation (varus) recurvatum test
5) external rotation test
special tests for meniscal injury
1) joint line tenderness
2) McMurray's test
3) Apley's compression and distraction
4) squat test / duck walk / Childress' test
5) bounce home test
special tests for patellofemoral injury
1) patellar tilt
2) patellar grind
3) patellar glide
4) patellar apprehension
5) J-sign
special tests for lateral ankle instability
1) anterior draw test
2) talar tilt test
special tests for syndesmotic injury
1) squeeze test
2) abduction ER stress test
special tests for achilles tendon injury
1) Thompson's test
special test for tarsal tunnel syndrome
(+) Tinel's sign
special test for tibial nerve entrapment
Electromyelogram (EMG)
(+) Trendelenburg test indicates
weak gluteus medius muscle (unsupported hemihip will drop)
(+) Thomas's test indicates
hip flexion contracture (if present, pts straight leg will lift off of table)
(+) Ober's test indicates
ITB contracture (inability to adduct the hip past midline)
(+) Lachman's test indicates
ACL laxity (#1 test)
(+) anterior draw test indicates
ACL laxity
(+) pivot shift test indicates
ACL laxity (reduction of the knee w/ a clunk at 20-30 deg of flexion)
(+) posterior draw test indicates
PCL laxity (tibia displaces past the neutral medial jt line of femur)
(+) quad active drawer test indicates
PCL laxity (knee pain against resistance)
(+) posterior sag sign (Godfrey's sign) indicates
PCL laxity (posterior dubluxation of the tibia in relation to the femur)
(+) valgus stress test indicaes
MCL laxity (>5mm opening of medial joint)
(+) varus stress test indicates
LCL laxity (>5mm opening of lateral joint)
(+) excessive external rotation indicates
posterolateral corner injury (involved leg rotates more than uninvolved leg)
(+) posterolateral drawer test indicates
- isolated PCL injury if diminished translation
- combined PCL/LCL injury if increased translation
(+) reverse pivot shift test indicates
posterolateral corner injury (shift occurs w/ a clunk as knee flexed 20-30 deg)
(+) external rotation (varus) recurvatum test indicates
posterolateral corner injury (injured knee falls into varus and hyperextension, and tibia rotates externally)
(+) external rotation test indicates
posterolateral corner injury (injured limb passively rotates externally more than ininjured limb)
(+) joint line tenderness indicates
meniscal tear
(+) McMurray's test indicates
meniscal tear (painful clunk as torn meniscus is trapped during procedure)
(+) Apley's compression and distraction test indicates
meniscal tear (no pain on distraction (FOS otherwise), pain w/ external rotation = medial tear, pain w/ internal rotation = lateral tear)
(+) squat test (duck walk, Childress test)
meniscal tear (pain)