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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 4 major compartments of the neck region?
What are Vertebral compartment, visceral compartment and 2 vascular compartments?
What is in the vertebral compartment?
What compartment are the cervical vertebrae and postural muscles in?
What is in the visceral compartment?
What compartment are the glands:
thyroid
parathyroids
thymus
and parts of the respiratory and digestive tracts:
Pharynx
Larynx
Esophagus
found in?
How many vascular compartments are there?
Which compartment has 1 on each side of the neck?
What is in the vascular compartments?
What compartment are major blood vessels and the vagus nerve found in?
What can be found at C3-4?
What vertebral level is the superior border of thyroid cartilage and the carotid bifurcation at?
What can be found at C5-6?
What vertebral level is the
inferior limit of pharynx and larynx,
superior limit of trachea and esophagus,
and indentation between cricoid cartilage and 1st tracheal ring?
What major vein is found under the sternocleidomastoid?
What muscle is the jugular vein found under in the neck?
Which artery in the neck supplies the brain?
What does the internal carotid artery supply?
What are the 2 places you can feel a pulse on the face?
What can you feel at the temporal vessels and facial arteries?
What is the "floating" u shaped bone in the neck?
What is the shape of the hyoid bone?
What is the sesamoid bone in the neck?
What type of bone is the hyoid bone?
What is the action of the suprahyoid muscles in general?
What muscles, in general, elevate the hyoid bone?
What is the action of the infrahyoid muscles in general?
What muscles, in general, pull the hyoid down?
What are the 2 major triangles of the neck?
What are the anterior and posterior cervical triangles?
What are the 4 triangles of the anterior cervical triangle?
What triangle are the submandibular, submental, muscular, and carotid triangles a part of?
What forms the posterior border of the anterior cervical triangle?
What major triangle does the sternocleidomastoid serve as the posterior border for?
What are the boundaries of the muscular triangle?
What triangle is bound by the:
Superior belly of omohyoid bone and sternocleidomastoid muscle posteriorly
Hyoid bone superiorly
skin of the neck anteriorly
What are the boundaries of the submandibular triangle?
What triangle has the:
mandible superiorly
stylohyoid muscle posteriorly
and anterior belly of digastric muscle anteriorly?
What are the boundaries of the submental triangle?
What triangle is bound by:
The hyoid bone inferior/posteriorly
the anterior belly of digastric muscle superiorly,
and the skin of the neck anteriorly?
What are the boundaries of the carotid triangle?
What triangle is bound by
the sternocleidomastoid muscle posteriorly,
the posteriorbelly of the digastric muscle and superior belly of omohyoid muscle anteriorly?
What are the bondaries of the posterior triangle?
What triangle is bound by the sternocleidomastoid anteriorly,
the trapezius posteriorly,
the clavical (middle 1/3) inferiorly,
investing (deep) fascia forming the roof,
and muscles covered by prevertebral (deep) fascia forming the floor, (Splenius capitis, levator scapulae, scalenes)?
What muscle runs through both the anterior and posterior cervical triangles?
What major triangle(s) does the superior belly of the omohyoid muscle run through?
What are the two kinds of deep fascia found in the posterior triangle?
What kind of fascia are the investing and prevertebral fascia?
What are the 2 triangles that make up the posterior cervical triangle?
What major triangle is the occipital and subclavian triangles a part of?
What is the inferior border of the occipital triangle?
What triangle is the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle an inferior border to?
What is the superior border of the subclavian triangle?
What is the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscles serve as a superior border to?
What is the inferior border of the subclavian triangle?
What minor triangle does the middle 1/3 of the clavicle serve as an inferior border to?
What structure divides the posterior compartment into danger and safe zones?
What does the accessory nerve (CN XI) divide the posterior compartment into?
Where is the safe zone found superior to?
What zone is superior to accessory nerve (CN XI)?
What zone is inferior to accessory nerve (CN XI)?
What zone does accessory nerve (CN XI) serve as a superior border to?
What muscles can be viewed in the posterior triangle?
What triangle can the:
Splenius capitus
Levator scapulae
Posterior, anterior, and middle scalene,
and inferior belly of omohyoid muscle be found in?
Where does the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle attach to?
What muscle that runs through the posterior compartment attaches to the scapula?
What nerves, vessels and lymphatics can be found in the occipital triangle?
In what triangle can the supraclavicular nerves,
Accessory nerve (CN XI)
Branchial plexus trunks
Transverse cervical artery
External jugular vein
and superficial lymph nodes
be found in?
What point can be found half way between the mastoid and the clavicle?
Where is the nerve point of the neck?
What are the names of the nerves that can be found in the occipital triangle? (7)
What triangle can the:
lesser occipital nerve
great auricular nerve
transverse cervical nerve
lateral supraclavicular nerve,
intermediate supraclavicular nerve,
medial supraclavicular nerve
Accessory nerve (CN XI)
be found in?
What vessel divides teh transverse cervical and great auricular nerves as they emerge from the nerve point of neck?
What nerves does the external jugular vein divide as they emerge from the nerve point?
What vessels can be found in the subclavian triangle?
In what triangle can the:
Subclavian artery (3rd part)
External jugular vein (terminal part)
subclavian vein (sometimes)
suprascapular artery
supraclavicular lymph nodes
and part of the brachial plexus
be found in?
What triangle is the thyrocervical trunk found in?
What branching artery can be found in the subclavian triangle?
What are the 3 branches of the thyrocervical trunk?
Where do the inferior thyroid artery,
transverse cervical artery, and suprascapular artery come from?
Which triangle in the anterior cervical triangle is not paired?
What makes the submental triangle different from the other triangles in the anterior cervical triangle?
What is the inferior border of the submental triangle?
What triangle does the hyoid bone serve as an inferior border to?
What are the medial/inferior borders of the submandibular triangle?
What triangle has the:
Digastric muscle anterior belly medially
Digarstric muscle posterior belly inferiorly
What are the borders of the muscular triangle?
What triangle has the hyoid bone superiorly
the omohyoid muscle (superior belly) and sternocleidomastoid laterally
and the midline of the neck medially?
What forms the floor of the submental triangle?
What triangle has its floor formed by the mylohyoid muscles?
What is contained within the submental triangle?
What triangle contains submental lymph nodes?
What forms the floor of the submandibular (digastric) triangles?
What triangle's floor is made up of the mylohyoid muscle, the hyo glossus muscle, and the middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle?
What are the contents of the submandibular triangle?
What triangle contains the submandibular gland, submandibular lymphnodes
Mylohoid n. (branch of CN V3)
Hypoglossal n. (CN XII)
Facial a. and v.?
What triangle has the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle as its floor?
What forms the floor of the carotid triangle?
What arteries are found in the carotid triangle?
What triangle are the common carotid a.
internal carotid a.
External carotid a (with branches)
Carotid body and sinus
found in?
What veins are found in the carotid triangle?
What triangle contains the internal jugular vein and tributaries?
What triangle contains deep cervical lymph nodes?
What lymph nodes does the carotid triangle contain?
What nerves are found in the carotid triangle?
What triangle are the
Vagus n. (CN X)
Hypoglossal n. (CN XII)
Accessory n. (CN XI)
Branches of the cervical plexus (ansa cervicalis (superior root)
found in?
What structures are found in the carotid triangle?
What triangle are the larynx and pharynx found in?
What glands are found in the carotid triangle?
What triangle are part of the thyroid and parathyroid glands found in?
What is found in the muscular triangle?
What triangle contains the infrahyoid muscles, part of the thyroid gland, and part of the parathyroid gland?
Between what two spinal levels is thyroid cartilage found?
What structure lies entirely between C4-5?
What are the four kinds of deep fascia found in the neck?
What type of tissue are the investing, pretrachial, prevertebral, and carotid sheath?
What are the two parts of pretrachial fascia?
What are the visceral and muscular a part of (fascia)?
What is buccopharyngeal fascia a part of?
What specially section does the visceral part of the pretrachial fascia have?
Which fascia surrounds the infrahyoid muscles?
What muscles does the pretrachial muscular part surround?