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19 Cards in this Set

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Personality:

the dynamic organization within the individualof those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to hisenvironment.

heredity

Factors determined at conception;one’s biological, physiological, and inherent psychological makeup.

personality traits

Enduringcharacteristics that describe an individual’s behavior.

The myers briggs type indicator(MBTI)

a personality test that taps fourcharacteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types.

The big five personality model:

apersonality assessment model that taps five basic dimensions.

Agreeableness:

anindividuals propensity to defer to others

Conscientiousness

measure of reliability

core self-evaluation

Bottom-lineconclusions individuals have about their capabilities, competence, and worth asa person.

Machiavellianism:

the degree to which an individual ispragmatic, maintains emotion distance, and believes that ends can justify means

Narcissism:

tendencyto be arrogant, have a grandiose sense of self importance.

Self monitoring:

measuresan individuals ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situationalfactors

Values:

basic convictions that a specific mode ofconduct or end state of existence is personally or socially

Terminalvalues:

desirableend states of existence, the goals a person would like to achieve during his orher lifetime.

Instrumentalvalues:

preferablemodes of behavior or means of achieving ones terminal values.

Whichof the following statements is most likely to be true regarding people with proactivepersonalities?

Morelikely than others to be seen as leaders

Individualsscoring blank have a strong ability to adjust his or her behavior to external,situational factors and can behave differently in different situations.

Highon self monitoring

Blankis as important for mangers as for front line employees and among all big fivemodel traits is most consistently related to job performanc

Conscientiousness

Whatis the major problem with the MBTI as a measure of personality?

Itforces a person to be categorized as either one type or another

Whichof the following does the heredity approach state?

Anindividuals personality is determined y molecular structure of the genes