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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
concerned with systematic gathering of information
any general characteristic that can be measured and that changes in amplitude, intensity, or both. OB ex: job satisfaction, productivity
dependent variable
response that is affected by an independent variable; the variable the researcher wants to explain
independent variable
the presumed cause of a change in the dependent variable; OB ex: intelligence, personality
moderating variable
the contingency variable, abates the effect of the indep. on the dep. variable
direction of cause and effect
correlation coefficient
indicates the strength of relationship between 2 or more variables. between -1 (perfect negative) and +1 (perfect positive)
theory (aka model)
a set of systematically interrelated concepts or hypotheses that purports to explain and predict phenomena
3 questions you need to ask when evaluating a research study
Is it valid? Reliable? Generalizable?
Case study pros & cons
Pros: thorough, real-life
Cons: perceptual bias, observer's subjective interpretation, not generalizable
field survey pros/cons
pros: cheap, efficient, easy to quantify data
cons: low response rate makes generalizing questionable, taps attitudes more than behaviors, ppl say what they think researcher wants to hear
Milgram lab experiment
tested how far individuals would go in following commands; subjects acted as teachers and administered punishments when learners made mistakes; most dissented initially but then 62% ended up obeying and increasing shock to the maximum
lab experiment pros/cons
pros: precision, control; cons: lack of realism, not generalizable
field experiment pros/cons
pros: conducted in real-life, so results are more realistic than lab; cons: lack of control, bias in choosing subject, costly
aggregate quantitative reviews
uses meta-analysis to analyze data from a set of many studies; can help researchers find moderating variables
get things done thru other people
consciously coordinated social unit, composed of 2+ ppl, functions on relatively continuous basis to achieve common goal(s)
management functions--what do managers do? (4)
plan (est goals), organize (design structure), lead (direct/coordinate ppl), control (monitor performance) *POLC*
management roles (3)
interpersonal, informational, decisional
intepersonal roles of a manager include: (3)
figurehead, leader, liaison
informational roles of a manager include: (3)
monitor, disseminator, spokesperson
decisional roles of a manager include: (4)
entrepreneur, disturbance handler, resource allocator, negotiator
Management skills (3)
technical, human, and conceptual
difference in activity between effective and successful managers?
effective spend most time communicating; successful spend most time networking
organizational behavior
investigates impact of individuals, groups, structure have on behavior within organizations, for purpose of applying knowledge toward improvement of org's effectiveness
systematic study
looking at relationships, attempting to attribute causes and effects, and drawing conclusions based on scientific evidence
science that seeks to measure, explain, sometimes change behavior of humans/animals
social psychology
blends psychology and sociology, focuses on influence of people on one another
study of people in relation to their social environment or culture
study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities