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5 Cards in this Set

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Aldehydes are named by
replacing the terminal -e of the corresponding alkane name with -al.

The parent chain must contain the -CHO group, and the -CHO carbon is numbered as carbon 1
For more complex aldehyde in which the -CHO group is attached to a ring, the suffix ___________ is used
-carbaldehyde
Ketones are named by
replacing the terminal -e of the corresponding alkane name with -one.

The parent chain is the longest one that contains the ketone group, and numbering begins at the end nearer the carbonyl carbon
When it's necessary to refer to the R-C=O as a substitutent, the name _____ is used and the name ending ____ is attached
- Acyl Group

- -yl
If other fuctional groups are present and the doubly bonded oxygen is considered a substitutent on a parent chain, the prefix _______ is used
oxo-