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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hydrogenation
H2 with Pt, Pd, or Ni
More hydrogenation
H2, Lindlar catalyst (cis)

OR

Na or K in liquid ammonia (NH3 (l)) (trans)
Addition of HX
H, X
for alkynes to alkenes: (1 eq)
for alkynes to alkanes: (XS)
Halogenation
X2
Mercuric Ion-Catalyzed Hydration
H2SO4 (aq), HgSO4
Hydroboration-Oxidation
1) (Sia)2BH (alkynes
1) BH3
2) H2O2, -OH
KMnO4 (vig)
KMnO4 (vig)
KMnO4 (mild)
KMnO4 (mild)
Ozonolysis
1) O3
2) DMS or pretty much anything else as long as first thing was O3
Osmium tetroxide
OsO4
Epoxidation + Ring Opening
R-CO3H, H+ (aq)
Epoxidation
R-CO3H
Halohydrin formation
X2, H2O
Addition of halogens
X2, inert solvent
alpha-elimination
CH2X2 or CHX3
strong base
Simmons-Smith
CH2I2, Zn(Cu)
Hydroboration-Oxidation
1) "BH3"
2) H2O2, -OH
Alkoxymercuration-Demercuration
1) Hg(OAc)2, ROH
2) NaBH4
Oxymercuration-Demercuration
1) Hg(OAc)2, H2O
2) NaBH4
Acid-Catalyzed Hydration
H3O+
or H2SO4/H2O or H2O/H+
HBr with H2O2
HBr, peroxide