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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
prefix "meth"
one
prefix "eth"
two
prefix "prop"
three
prefix "but"
four
prefix pent
five
prefix "hex"
six
prefix "hept"
seven
prefix "oct"
eight
prefix "non"
nine
prefix "dec"
ten
How many bonds can carbon form?
four
Name all of the possible geometry shapes for an organic compound.
tetrahedral, linear, trigonal planar
the study of compounds containing carbon
organic chemistry
What is the difference between a saturated and an unsaturated compound?
saturated = single bonds
unsaturated = double or triple bonds. THINK: with single bonds, all of the carbons have hydrogens surrounding them, but the double and triple bonds don't.
an organic chemical compound of hydrogen and carbon in either gaseous, liquid, or solid phase
hydrocarbon
halide ions combined with a single halogen or hydrogen atom to form hydrohalic acids
hydrohalide
a chemical formula that shows how atoms in a compound are attached to one another
structural formula
a form of isomerism in which molecules with the SAME molecular formula have atoms bonded together in DIFFERENT orders
structural isomerism
large molecule made by linking smaller molecules together
polymer
a specific structure of one or more atoms that is responsible for the chemical behavior of a substance
functional group
saturated hydrocarbon with general formula CnH2n+2
alkanes
an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing a carbon-carbon double bond with a general formula of CnH2n
alkenes
an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing carbon-carbon triple bond with a general formula of CnH2n-2
alkynes
refers to almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol
primary alcohol
commonly known as isopropanol
secondary alcohol
commonly known as butanol
tertiary alcohol
hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characterized as the benzene series
aromatic compound
-X
alkyl halide
-OH
alcohols
-O-
ethers
0
||
C-C-H
aldehydes
0
||
C-C-C
ketones
0
||
-C-OH
carboxylic acids
0
||
-C-O-
esters
-NH2
amines
-{O}
phenyl
this functional group contains a compound that puts people to sleep
ethers (dimethyl ether)
this functional group contains a compound that preserves dead bodies
aldehydes (formaldehyde)
this functional group contains the compound that creates nailpolish remover
ketones (acetone)
this functional group contains the compounds that produce a pleasant smell
esters
this functional group produces compounds that form amino acids
amines
What instrument did Dr. Campbell request at the beginning of the movie "The Medicine Man"?
a gas chromatograph
Why does Dr. Campbell insist that Dr. Crane wear a surgical mask when she first arrives?
he doesn't want her to contaminate the air of the tribal people
Why does Dr. Campbell give Dr. Crane a physical before she takes a bath in the lake?
so she doesn't contaminate the water
What substance is used to "run the baseline" for the instrument?
glucose
How many compounds are present in the analysis of the compound?
49 compounds
What kind of compound is Dr. Campbell analyzing, organic or inorganic?
organic
Why is the compound being tested so important?
it is the cure for cancer
How does Dr. Campbell show Dr. Crane that his compound is a cure?
he shows his experiments with the rodents
What do the villagers call Dr. Campbell?
"The Medicine Man"
How have the tribal people remained cancer free?
the tribal people eat a special plant (serum)
What's the problem with the cure according to Dr. Campbell?
it doesn't reproduce
Why does Dr. Campbell no want anyone else (companies, etc) to come to the village?
because the villagers could be infected with disease and other things that the companies bring to the tribes
If the cure becomes public knowledge, the reserarch could be affected in many ways. What are they?
The advantage is a cure for cancer, the disadvantage is that the tribe could be in danger
Dr Crane and Dr Campbell run samples of the compounds that failed in comparison to the compound that worked to cure cancer. What peak is missing from every failed sample?
37
How do the chemists decide if the trials are the same compounds as the original?
with the gas chromatograph
Dr. Campbell makes a statement about how salive speeds up the fermentation process for one of the compounds. What word would you use to describe the saliva in that reaction?
catalyst
What does Dr. Campbell give Dr. Crane for her headache on the way to see the medicine man? What is in it that makes her so hyper?
YooKoo (sp?) a special kind of tree that has a lot of caffeine in it
Peak 37 appears in the last sample run. Where did this peak come from?
the sugar Dr. Crane used as a substitute