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21 Cards in this Set

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Intermediate Filaments
Give shap and physical support to cell. Anchor cells to each other and to extracellular materials. Compartmentalize cell contents.
Plasma Membrane
Prevents the escape of cell contents. Regulates the exchange of materials between the cytoplasm and extracellular fluid. Involved in intercellular communication.
Microvili
Increased absoirptive surface area. Sensory roles: hearing equilibrium tast.
Cilla
Moves substances across cell surface. Sesory roles: hearings smell equilibrium vision
Flagellum
Sprem motility
Nucleus
Genetic control center. Directs protein synthesis.
Rough ER
Protein synthese. Manufactures cellular membranes.
Smooth ER
Lipid synthesis. Detoxification. Calcium storage.
Ribosomes
Interpert genetic code. Synthesize polypeptides. Make up ROUGH ER
Golgi Complex
Recieve and modify newly synthesized polypeptides. Synthesize carbohydrates. Add carbohydrates to glycoproteins. Package cell products into Golgi Vesicles.
Golgi Vesicles
Secretory vesicles that carry cell products to the apical surface for extocytosis or to become lysosomes.
Lysosomes
Contain enzymes for intercellular digestions, autophagy, programmed cell death, gluclose mobilization.
Peroxisomes
Contain enzymes for detoxification of free radicals and alcohol. Oxidize fatty acids.
Mitochondrai
ATP SYNTHESIS
Centrioles
Become mitotic spindles during mitotic cell diivision. Unpaired centrioled become basal bodies from cillia and flagella.
Centrosome
Organization center for the formation of microtubules of the cytoskeleton and mitotic spindle.
Basal Body
Point of origin, growth, and anchorage for cillia and flagella. produces axoneme.
Microfilamaents
Support microvili. INvolved in muscle contraction and other cell mobility. Cell division, and endocytosis. *Endo, inside the cell!!
INtermediate Filaments
Support shape and physical structure of cell. Anchorage cells to one another and other extrarcellular materials. Compartamentalize cell parts. (EXTRA, other things in cell)
MIcrotubules
Produce axoneme for basal bodies, centrioles, cilia, flagella, mitotic spindle. Help with mibility of cell parts. Direct organelles and macromolecules to their destinations in the cell.
INclusions
Storage products, or products of cellular metabolism or foreign matter retaines in the cytoplasm.