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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Integumentary system is composed of?
skin
sweat glands
oil glands
hair
nails
Function of the integumentary system?
Protects deep tissues from injury
Synthesizes vitamin D
Skeletal system is composed of?
bone
cartilage
ligaments
Function of the skeletal system?
Protects and supports body organs
Provides the framework for muscles
Site of blood cell formation
Stores minerals
Muscular system is composed of?
muscles and tendons
Function of the muscle system?
allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion and facial expression, maintains posture, produces heat
Nervous system is composed of?
brain
spinal column
nerves
Function of the nervous system?
Control system of the body (fast-acting)
Responds to stimuli (activates muscles and glands)
Structure and function of the Cardiovascular system??
Heart and blood vessels
Pumps blood
Transport blood throughout body
Lymphatic system is composed of?
red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels
Function of the lymphatic system?
returns fluid to the blood
disposes of debris
houses white blood cells
Respiratory system is composed of?
nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
Function of the respiratory system?
Supplies blood O2
Removes CO2
Digestive system is composed of?
oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small and lg intestines, rectum, anus and liver
Function of the digestive system?
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood
Eliminates indigestible foodstuffs as feces
Urinary system is composed of?
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
Function of the urinary system?
Eliminates nitrogenous waste from the body
Regulates water, electrolyte and pH balance of the blood
Endocrine system is composed of?
pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads, etc
Function of the endocrine system?
Control system of body (slow acting)
Regulates processes such as growth, reproduction and metabolism (hormones
Male reproductive system is composed of?
----main function?
prostate gland, penis, testes, scrotum and ductus deferens
produce offspring
Testes produce _____ and _____?
sperm and male sex hormones
Male ducts and glands do what?
deliver sperm to the female reproductive tract
Female reproductive system is composed of?
---main function?
mammary glands, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus and vagina
produce offspring
What are the 3 forms of gross anatomy?
Regional
Systemic
Surface
What are the 2 forms of microscopic anatomy?
Cytology
Histology
What are the 2 forms of developmental anatomy?
Embryology
Pathology
What a structure can do depends on its specific ______.
Form