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22 Cards in this Set

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What are the major functions of Integumentary System?
Protect underlying tissues
Help regulate body temperatures
House variety of sensory receptors
What are the major organs in the Integumentary System?
Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands
What are the major organs in the Skeletal System?
Bones, ligaments, cartilages (bind bones together at joints)
What are the major functions of the Skeletal System
Serves as framework and protection for softer tissues
Attachment for muscles
Act together with muscles when body parts move
Tissue within bones also produces blood cells and stores inorganic salts
What are the major functions of the Muscular Sytem?
By contacting and pulling ends closer together thy provide the forces that cause body movements
Maintain posture
Primary source of body heat
What are the major organs in the Nervous System?
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
What are the major functions of the Nervous System?
Use nerve impulses to communicate with muscles and glands
Detect Change
Receive and interpret impulses from sensory units
Stimulate muscles and glands
What are the major functions of the Endocrine System?
Alter Metabolism of target tissue or body structures
Occur over long period of time
What are the major organs in the Cardiovascular System?
Heart, arteries, capillaries, veins and blood
What are the major functions of the Cardiovascualr System?
Forces blood through the blood vessels
Transports gases, nutrients, hormones and waste
Carries oxygen from the lungs and nutrients from digestive organs into all body cells
Transports hormones from endocrine glands to target tissues
What are the major organs in the Lymphatic System?
Lyphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus gland, and spleen
What are the major functions of the Lymphatic System?
Transports fluids from spaces within tissue back to bloodstream
Carries fatty substances away from the digestive organs
Defend body against infection
What are the major organs in the Digestive System?
Mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine
What are are major functions of the Digestive System?
Receives foods from outside
Break down food molecules into simpler forms so they can pass through cell membranes and be absorbed into the internal environment
Eliminate unabsorbed material
What are the major functions of the Respiratory System?
Take air in and out
exchange gasses between the blood and air
What are the major functions of the Urinary System?
Removes wastes from blood
Maintains the bodies water and electrolyte balance
Store Urine and transport it outside the body
What are the major organs int he Urinary System?
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
What are the major organs in the Male reproductive System?
Scrotum, testes, epididymides, vas deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, urethra, penis
What are the major functions of the Male Reproductive System?
Produce and maintain sperm cells
Transfers sperm cells into the female reproductive tract
Maintain female sex cells
What are the major organs in the Female Reproductive System?
Ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, vulva
What are the major functions of the Female Reproductive System?
Receive male sex cells
Transport female sex cells
Supports development of embryos
Function in birth process
What are the organs in the Endocrine System?
Glands that secret chemical messages called Hormones (Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas,. Ovaries, testes, pineal gland, and thymus gland)