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141 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
to deny, renounce, reject, or relinquish (something desired or valuable)
abnegate
obsolete : prematurely born
FRUITLESS, UNSUCCESSFUL
imperfectly formed or developed
tending to cut short
abortive
of or relating to the voluntary forbearance especially from indulgence of an appetite or craving or from eating some foods, or from intoxicating beverages
abstinent
difficult to comprehend; obscure; recondite
abstruse
caustic, biting, or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner
acrimonious
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination especially in practical matters; discernment
acumen
to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly praise
adulation
to corrupt, debase, or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or element; especially : to prepare for sale by replacing more valuable with less valuable or inert ingredients
adulterate
the act of taking on or displaying an attitude or mode of behavior not natural to oneself or not genuinely felt b : speech or conduct not natural to oneself : ARTIFICIALITY
affectation
n.
a person who holds the view that any ultimate reality (as God) is unknown and prob. unknowable; broadly : one who is not committed to believing in either the existence or the nonexistence of God or a god

adj.
NONCOMMITTAL, UNDOGMATIC; or relating to the noun previously mentioned
agnostic
promptness in response : cheerful readiness
alacrity
1 : to apportion for a specific purpose or to particular persons or things : DISTRIBUTE
2 : to set apart or earmark : DESIGNATE
allocate
a feeling or mood associated with a particular place, person, or thing : ATMOSPHERE
ambience
1 : an error in chronology; especially : a chronological misplacing of persons, events, objects, or customs in regard to each other
2 : a person or a thing that is chronologically out of place; especially : one from a former age that is incongruous in the present
anachronism
1 : inference that if two or more things agree with one another in some respects they will prob. agree in others
2 a : resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike : SIMILARITY b : comparison based on such resemblance
3 : correspondence between the members of pairs or sets of linguistic forms that serves as a basis for the creation of another form
4 : correspondence in function between anatomical parts of different structure and origin -- compare HOMOLOGY
synonym see LIKENESS
analogy
1 : a substantive word, phrase, or clause whose denotation is referred to by a pronoun broadly : a word or phrase replaced by a substitute
2 : the conditional element in a proposition
3 : the first term of a mathematical ratio
4 a : a preceding event, condition, or cause b plural : the significant events, conditions, and traits of one's earlier life
5 a : PREDECESSOR; especially : a model or stimulus for later developments b plural : ANCESTORS, PARENTS
antecedent
racial segregation; specifically : a policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of So. Africa
apartheid
1 : lack of feeling or emotion : IMPASSIVENESS
2 : lack of interest or concern : INDIFFERENCE
apathy
1 : a concise statement of a principle
2 : a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment : ADAGE
aphorism
1 : of doubtful authenticity : SPURIOUS, although widely circulated as being true
apocryphal
1 : elevation to divine status : DEIFICATION
2 : the perfect example : QUINTESSENCE
apotheosis
a : an act of approving formally or officially b : COMMENDATION, PRAISE
approbation
based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or a system
arbitrary
understood by few; mysterious or secret or esoteric
arcane
1 : practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
2 : austere in appearance, manner, or attitude
synonym see SEVERE
ascetic
of or relating to a ruler or a government that exercises unlimited or absolute power
autocratic
1 : to declare assuredly
2 : to declare openly, bluntly, and without shame synonym see ACKNOWLEDGE, ASSERT
avow
1 : of or relating to an uncle
2 : suggestive of an uncle especially in kindliness or geniality toward a younger or less experienced person
avuncular
1 : a maxim widely accepted on its intrinsic merit
2 : a statement accepted as true as the basis for argument or inference : POSTULATE 1
3 : an established rule or principle or a self-evident truth
axiom
a source of harm or annoyance or ruin : CURSE
bane
bring (a child) into existence by the process of reproduction; give rise to; bring about
beget
argue or elaborate (a subject) in excessive detail; attack or assault (someone) physically or verbally
belabor
puzzle, confuse, or bewilder (somebody)
bemuse
gentle; kindly; not harmful to the environment
benign
(of a problem or difficulty) trouble or threaten persistently
beset
a thing that spoils or damages something; disease, esp. one caused by fungi such as mildews, rusts, and smuts
blight
of or characteristic of the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes
bourgeois
raise (a sensitive or difficult subject) for discussion
broach
begin to grow rapidly; flourish (as with plants or flowers)
burgeon
a parody or comically exaggerated imitation of something, esp. in a literary or dramatic work
burlesque
persuade someone to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery
cajole
(esp. of a young person) inexperienced or immature
callow
the quality of being open and honest in expression; frankness in speech
candor
cease to resist an opponent of an unwelcome demand; surrender
capitulate
given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior
capricious
reprimand (someone) severely
castigate
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change; a person or thing that precipitates an event
catalyst
unambiguously explicit and direct
categorical
the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions or stress
catharsis
abnle to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical reaction
caustic
express severe disapproval of (someone or something), typically in a formal statement
censure
of or relating to the brain or intellect
cerebral
distress or embarrassment at having failed or be humiliated
chagrin
compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others; a divinely conferred power or talent (similar to a leader's)
charisma
the use of trickery to achieve a political, financial, or legal purpose
chicanery
1 a capitalized : a fire-breathing she-monster in Greek mythology having a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail b : an imaginary monster compounded of incongruous parts
2 : an illusion or fabrication of the mind; especially : an unrealizable dream
3 : an individual, organ, or part consisting of tissues of diverse genetic constitution
chimera (-ical)
1 : easily moved to often unreasonable or excessive anger : hot-tempered
2 : ANGRY, IRATE
choleric
(of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring; an often-practiced habit
chronic
the use of many words where fewer would do, esp. in a deliberate attempt to be vague or evasive
circumlocution
restrict something within limits
circumscribe
find a way around (an obstacle)
circumvent
of or relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as distinct from military or ecclesiastical matters; courteous and polite
civil
a phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought; very commonplace (and therefore lame)
cliché
persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats
coerce
of or relating to awareness and judgment (cognition)
cognitive
(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent; united as or forming a whole
coherent
(of language) used in ordinary or familiar conversation; united as or forming a whole
colloquial
corresponding in size or degree; in proportion
commensurate
collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, esp. in a book or other publication
compendium
a thing that completes or brings to perfection; a number of quantity of something required to make a group complete
complement
the state of being involved with others in an illegal activity or wrongdoing
complicity
consist of; be made of
comprise
intended or likely to placate or pacify
conciliatory
giving a lot of information clearly and in few words; brief but comprehensive
concise
agreement of harmony between people or groups
concord
existing, happening, or done at the same time
concurrent
accept and allow (behavior that is considered morally wrong or offensive) to continue; approve or santion (something), esp. with reluctance
condone
making a certain situation or outcome likely to happen
conducive
the junction of two rivers; esp. rivers of approximately equal width; a coming or flowing together, meeting, or gathering at one point
confluence
(esp. of a disease or physical abnormality) present from birth
congenital
an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information or guesswork
conjecture
make (something) appear unexpectedly or seemingly from nowhere as if by magic; call (an image) to mind; call upon (a spirit or ghost) to appear, by means of a magic ritul
conjure
general ageement
consensus
in agreement or harmony with; having similar sounds
consonant
interpret (a word or action) in a particular way
construe
showing a high degree of skill and flair; complete or perfect
consummate
causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial
contentious
subject to chance; occuring or existing only if certain circumstances are present; dependent on
contingent
deliberately created rather than arising naturally or spontaneously; artificial
contrived
(of an atmosphere or event) friendly, lively, and enjoyable; relating to, occupied with, or fond of feasting, drinking, and good company
convivial
confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding); make more certain
corroborate
familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures; including people from many different countries
cosmopolitan
a person's face or facial expression; support
countenance
not openly acknowledged or displayed
covert
yearn to posses or have something, by jealousy
covet
having or showing too great a readiness in believing things
credulous
reach a climax or point of highest development
culminate
deserving blame; guilty
culpable
hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
cursory
reduce in extent or quantity; cut short; impose a restriction on
curtail
showing fearlessness and determination
dauntless
a scarcity or lack of something
dearth
a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco
debacle
exscessive indulgence in sensual pleasures
debauchery
make something weak and inform; enfeeble, harm, or weaken
debilitate
in keeping with good taste and propriety; polite and restrained
decorous
arrive at a fact or a conclusion by reasoning; draw as a logical conclusion
deduce
humble submission and respect
deference
causing harm or damage
deleterious
impose a misleading belief upon (someone); deceive; fool
delude
a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument
demagogue
an inhabitant or occupant of a particular place
denizen
express disapproval of; diminish, belittle, or disparage
deprecate
remove the moisture from something (esp. food), typically in order to preserve it
desiccate
without the basic necessities of life and survival
destitute
a formal pronouncement from an authoritative source
dictum
intending to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive
didactic
perceive or recognize something; to detect with senses other than vision; detect or make distinct through mental recognition
discern
1 : constituting a separate entity : individually distinct
2 a : consisting of distinct or unconnected elements : NONCONTINUOUS b : taking on or having a finite or countably infinite number of values
discrete
essentially different in kind; not allowing comparison
disparate
spread or disperse (something, esp. information) widely
disseminate
disperse or scatterl cause (a feeling or other intangible thing) to disappear or disperse (as in clouds)
dissipate
seeking to impose a doctrine in all circumstances without regard to practical considerations
doctrinaire
inclined to lay down princples as incontrovertibly true
dogmatic
hesitating or doubting; uncertain or questionable
dubious
deceitfulness, esp. in regards to double-dealing
duplicity
deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources
eclectic
instruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually
edify
clear or erase a mark from a surface
efface
a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter
genre
a particular attitude or way of considering a matter
point of view
the leading character or one of the major personalities in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text
protagonist
a subject of a talk, piece of writing, or person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic
theme
a traditional story, esp. one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, ant typically involving supernatural beings or events
myth
a traditional story popularly regarded as historical but unauthenticated
legend
cause to feel embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed
abash
1 a : to put an end to <abate a nuisance> b : NULLIFY
2 a : to reduce in degree or intensity : MODERATE b : to reduce in value or amount : make less especially by way of relief
3 : DEDUCT, OMIT
4 a : to beat down or cut away so as to leave a figure in relief b obsolete : BLUNT
5 : DEPRIVE
abate
(of a monarch) renounce one's throne
abdicate
departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically one that is unwelcome
aberration
regard with disgust or hatred
abhor
a central character in a story, movie, or drama who lacks conventional heroic attributes (like Meursault in Camus' The Stranger or Holden Caulfield in the Catchher in the Rye)
anti-hero