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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A tempo
back to the original tempo
Allargando
growing broader, louder and sfoter (allarg.)
Allegretto
moderately slow, a walking speed
Basso continuo
a characteristic of Baroque music consisting of a bass part that runs continuously throughout a work, also called thoroughbass
Cantabile
in a singing, graceful style
Caprice
a musical form that reflects a fanciful, carefree style
Col legno
strike the strings with the wood of the bow
Con gusto
with precision and steady energy
Corda: string
Divisi
divide the parts or notes; in a two note chord the outside player plays the top note and the inside player plays the bottom note
Dolce
sweetly, softly
Doctrine of Affections
a theory that arose during the Baroque period that prescribed certain musical methods and figures for summoning or portraying individual emotions. For example, happiness would be aroused through the use of faster notes and major snoirities, sadness through minor keys and slower movement, anger through loudness and harsh discordant harmonies
Gavotte
a pastoral dance of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries usually written in 2 or cut time
Grace Note
ornamentation used to decorate or embellish a melody
Marcato
marked, accented, emphatic, stressed
Marcia
in a march like style
Menuet
dance of the Classica era in slow, triple time; originated in France; also spelled minuet
Molto
much
Morendo
dies away, diminishes in tone and tempo
Piu
more
Pizzicato
pluck strings with fingers
Poco a Poco
little by little
Ripieno
the larger of the 2 ensembles in the Baroque Concerto Grosso; all the others not playing the solo
Simile
a similar manner
Soli
the entire section
Solo
a single performer
Spiccato
separated, detached, off the string
Strum
brush the fingers over the string
Suite
a set of dances; originated in the early 17th century and flourished in the Baroque era
Tremelo
playing the note over and over within the indicated note value; can be measured or unmeasured
Tutti
all instruments together
Vivace
lively, brisk manner
Vivo
faster than vivace
Al Fine
an indication to the performer to repeat a composition either from the beginning (da capo), or from the dal segno symbol, to the place marked fine (the end of the composition)
Arco
with the hair of the bow
Arrangement
an adaptation of a given composition into a form other than what it was originally written for
Con
with
Cue Notes
very small notes written in a part to indicate what other players are playing. The purpose is to aid the player in keeping their place in the music
Da Capo
back to the beginning of the piece; indicated by D.C.
Dal Segno
go back to the sign. Players must then go to the coda when indicated
Duo
two players
Ensemble
a group of musicians that perform as a unit
Harmonic
high notes that are achieved on instruments of the violin family when the performer lightly places his finger exactly in the middle of the vibrating string
Hemiola
the rhythmic feeling of duplets played against triplets. In early music, this term meant the ratio of 3:2
Sul Tasto
a directive to perform the indicated passage of a composition by bowing the strings close to or directly over the fingerboard of the instrument
Tempo
the speed of the rhythm of a composition. Tempo is measured according to beats per minute
Prestissimo
200-208
Presto
168-200
Allegro
120-168
Moderato
108-120
Andante
76-108
Adagio
66-76
Larghetto
60-66
Largo
40-60
Trio
three players
L'istesso
the same tempo
Meno
less
Meter
measure of time; the grouping of beats into regular patterns
Molto
much, very much, a great deal, extremely
Mosso
motion
Octet
eight players
Ossia
a directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in an alternate way. The alternate way is indicated in the music
Overture
the introductory music for an opera, ballet, or oratario
Quartet
four players
Quintet
five players
Scordatura
the practice of tuning the strings of a stringed instrument different than the standard tuning. Scordatura is generally used to extend an instrument's range, or to make certain passages easier or more possible to perform
Senza
without
Septet
seven players
Sextet
six players
String Orchestra
using only the stringed instruments; may include harp and piano
Sturmisch
playing in a stormy style
Sul Ponticello
a directive to perform the indicated passage of a composition by bowing the strings as close as possible to the bridge of the instrument
Coda
the closing few measures or a composition, usually not a part of the main theme groups of the standard form of a composition, but a finishing theme added to the end to give the composition closure