Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rotator cutt muscles.
Suprespinatus (abduction of arm)
Infraspinatus (arm exter rota)
Teres minor (arm exter rota)
Subscapularis (arm intern rota)
Most commonly injured rotator cuff muscle.
Arm abduction.
Supraspinatus, deltoid.
Arm adduction.
Pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi.
Arm flexion
Coracobrachialis, anterior portion of deltoid.
Arm extension.
Latissimus dorsi, teres major, posterior deltoid.
Arm external rotation.
Infraspinatus, teres minor.
Arm internal rotation.
Subscapularis, pectoralis major, teres major, latissimus dorsi.
Subclavian artery.
-subclavian artery pass btw anterior and middle scalenes.
-subclavian vein passes anterior to anterior scalene.
Radial artery.
-course lateral aspect of forearm
-supply to elbow, wrist, dorsal aspect of hand, most deep palmar arterial arch.
Ulnar artery.
-cours emedial aspect of forearm
-supply elbow, wrist, dorsal aspect of hand, most of superficial palmar arterial arch.
-Lateral arm and lateral aspect of elbow.
-Deltoid and biceps.
-Biceps reflex.
-Lateral forearm and thumb.
-biceps and wrist extensors.
-brachioradialis reflex.
-Sensation to Middle finger.
-triceps and wrist flexor.
-triceps reflex.
-Sensation of little finger and middle forearm.
-Wrist flexors and interossi.
-no reflex involvement.
-Medial albow and medial arm sensation.
-no reflex involvement.
Motion test of shoulder.
Apley's scratch test.
Spencer technique.
Deep tendon reflex.
4/4 = brisk w/ sustained clonus.
3/4 = brisk w/ unsustained clonus.
2/4 = Normal
1/4 = decreased but present
0/4 = absent
Thoracic outlet syndrome.
-Pathogenesis: compression of neurovascular bundle (subclavian vessels and brachial plexus) in 1. btw anterior and middle scalenes. 2. btw clavicle and 1st rib, 3. btw pectoralis minor and upper ribs.
-Pain at neck or radiating to arm.
-Often positive Adson's, Roo's, or hyperabduction test.
Supraspinatus tendonitis.
-Pathogenesis: con't impingement of greater tuberosity against acromion as arm is flexed and internally rotated.
-Pain/tenderness at tip of acromion.
-Signs/Symptoms: pain exacerbated by abduction ("painful arc"), positive drop arm test.
Rotator cuff tear
-Tear at the insertion, usually supraspinatus.
-tenderness below tip of acromion.
-Weakness in active abduction, along w/ positive drop arm test. Atrophy is common.
Wining of scapula.
-weakness of anterior serratus m.
-long thoracic n. injury.
Brachail plexus injury.
-most common = Erb-Duchenne's palsy = upper arm paralysis caused by injury to C5 and C6 nerve roots during childbirth.
Nerve innervation: primary flexors of wrist and hand.
Median nerve.

(except for flexor carpi unlarnis [ulnar n.])
Nerve innervation: Extensors of wrist and hand.
Radial nerve.
Nerve innervation: Primary supinators of forearm.
Biceps--Musculocutaneous nerve
and supinator--radial n.
Nerve innervation: Primary pronators of forearm.
Pronator teres and pronator quadratus--Radial n.
Innervation of thenar eminence.
Median nerve
(except for adductor pollicis brevis [ulnar.])
Innervation of hypothenar eminence and interossi.
Ulnar nerve.
Ulnar nerve innervation.
-Hypothenar eminence
-medial 1.5 finger doral and ventral aspect.
Median nerve innervation.
-thenar eminence except adductor pollicis brevis (ulnar .)
-Medial 3.5 fingers ventral and doral aspect.
-Lateral half of palm.
Radial nerve innervation.
-Medial half of dorsum of hand.
-Lateral aspect of thumb.
Carpal tunnel syndrome.
-Patho: Median nerve entrapment btw longitudinal tendon of hand and flexor retinaculum.
-Location: Parasthesia on palmer surface of thumb and first 2.5 digits.
-Signs/symptoms: weakness, atrophy. Symptoms reproduced w/ Tinel's phalen, and prayer tests.
Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow).
-Patho: strin of extensor muscle of forearm near lateral epicondyle.
-Location: pain over lateral epicondyle that worsen w/ supination against resistance.
Medial epicondylitis (golfer's elbow).
-Patho: strain of flexor muscle of forear near medial epicondyle.