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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Major motion of occipito-atlantal joint?
Flexion and extension.
Occiput sidebends and rotates to ____.
Opposite sides.
Atlas
- C1.
- No vertebral body.
Atlas articulate w/ axis (C2) via ?
odontoid process.
Major motion of AA joint?
Rotation
C2 - C7 : sidebend and rotate to?
Same side
Sternocleidomastoid
Ex: right SCM m. side bend the head to right and rotate the head to left.
Internal carotid arteries supply?
Anterior portion of cerebrum.
Vertebral arteries arise from?
Subclavian artery, ascend thru transverse forament of cervical vertebrae, and enter skull thru foramen magnum.
Vertebral arteries supply blood to?
Visual area of cerebrum (occipital lobe), brain stem, and cerebellum.
Phrenic nerve arise from?
C3-C5
Cervical sympathetics ganglia are located at?
Spinal levels T1-T4
Inferior cervical ganglion lies?
On ventral surface of the head of the 1st rib.

Sends fibers to C7, C8, and T1.
Middle cervical ganglion lies?
C6.

Sends fibers to C5 and C6.
Superior cervical ganglion lies?
Anterior to transverse processes C2, C3, C4.
Occipito-Atlantal joint (OA)
rotates opposite to direction of sidebending.
Atlanto-Axial joint (AA)
Major motion = rotation.

Sidebend and rotation to the same direction.
C2 - C7 Sidebend and rotation?
To the same side.

C2-C4: major motion is rotation.
C5-C7: major motion is sidebending.
Best treatment for whiplash.
Indirect fascial technique or counterstrain first.

In acute injury like this, cervical muscles may be in spasm; direct techniques (HVLA) is contraindicated b/c sudden movement may cause further muscle strain.
Backward bending of c-spine closes ______?
Intervetebral foramen.

If bending causes symptoms-- indicative of cervical foraminal stenosis. Use Spurling test.