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62 Cards in this Set

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2 ways to classify Qi
- According to source, function, and distribution
- According to source
4 types of Qi according to source, function, & distribution:
Yuan Qi/Primary Qi
Zong Qi/ Pectoral Qi
Ying Qi/ Nutrient Qi
Wei Qi/ Defensive Qi
Where is Yaun Qi derived from?
Congenital essence -- inherited from the parents
Where does Yuan Qi take root?
Kidney
Where does the Yuan Qi spread to... and how does it get there?
entire body via the Sanjiao
What 2 things combine to form Zong Qi?
Qing Qi (clean qi / air) & Qi of food essence which is produced by the stomach
2 functions of Zong Qi
- Promote lung function of controlling respiration
- Promote heart function of dominating blood & blood vessels
Where is Ying Qi derived from?
Qi of food essence produced by the spleen & stomach
Where does Ying Qi circulate?
in the blood vessels
2 functions of Ying Qi
- Produce blood & circulate with blood
- Provide further nourishment
Where does Wei Qi circulate?
under the skin b/w the muscles -- outside the vessels
5 functions of wei Qi
1) PROTECT muscular surface
2) DEFEND body against exogenous pathogens
3) CONTROL opening/closing of the pores
4) ADJUST body tempature
5) WARM-UP the Zang Fu organs
Protect Dave Cudlipp against Wierdos
6 functions of Qi
1) Promoting function
2) Warming function
3) Defensive function
4) Checking function
5) Qihua
6) nourishing function
Promoting function of Qi
growth & development, physiological activities of the Zang Fu & meridans, circulation of blood & body fluids
Warming function of Qi
Normal body temp is maintained & adjusted
Checking function of Qi
Qi checks, controls, regulates body substances & metabolic products
Qihua function of Qi
refers to the process of mutual transformation among essence, Qi, body fluid & blood
Nourishing function of Qi
Circulates in blood vessels -- provides nourishment to the whole body
Orignation of Blood
orginqates from food essence produced by the stomach & the spleen
Name 3 organs which act upon the blood
Heart, spleen, liver
How the heart acts upon the blood
the propelling force of heart qi is the basis of blood circulation
How spleen acts upon the blood
Spleen qi controls blood & prevents extravastion
How does liver act upon the blood
liver promotes free flow of qi, stores blood & regulates its volume
Distibution & excretion of body fluids rely upon what 3 organs
Spleen, lung & kidney
(spleen - transportation of water & food essence)
(lung - dispersing & descending)
Characteristics of Jin
Clear, thin fluids
Characteristics of Ye
Thick, heavy fluids
4 examples of Jin
Sweat, tears, siliva, mucus
4 examples of Jin fluids
sweat, siliva, tears, mucus
2 examples of Ye fluids
CSF, synovial fluids
Distribution of Jin & Ye Fluids
Jin - muscular surface
Ye - Joints & orifices
Functions of Jin Ye Fluids
Jin - Warming & nourishing the mm & skin
- moisten the skin
Ye - moisten the jts.
- strengthening the brain & marrow
- nourishing the orifices
Origin of Jin ye fluids
qi of food essence
name the 6 extra fu organs
brain, bones, marrow, vessels, gallbladder, uterus
2 types of relationships b/w Zang fu organs
structural-functional
interior-exterior
Structural organs are Zang or Fu organs?
are they yin or Yang?
Zang - yin
Physiological functions of the zanfg organs:
manufacture & store essential substances
(Qi, blood, body fluids, essence)
Structural organs are Zang or Fu organs?
are they yin or Yang?
Zang - yin
Physiological functions of the zanfg organs:
manufacture & store essential substances
(Qi, blood, body fluids, essence)
Physiological function of the fu organs?
Receive & digest food, transmit & excrete waste
development of theory of Zang fu organs in medical practice involved 3 aspects...
- Acient anatomical knowledge
- Observation of Physiological & pathological phenomena
- Summarry of rich clinical experience
4 functions of the heart
1) Dominating the blood & vessels
2) Housing the mind
3) opening into the tongue
4) manifesting on the face
a increase or decrease in heart qi will result in changes in the ____ & _____
pulse & complexion
Broad Mind
Outward appearanceof the vital activities of the whole body
narrow mind
Consciouness (spirit & thinking)
5 functions of the heart in housing the mind
spirit, sleep, consciousness, thinking, memory
4 functions of the liver
1) Storing blood
2) Maintaining the free flow of qi
3) Controling the tendons & manifesting in the nails
4) opening into the eyes
Normal character of the Liver
to flourish & dislike depression
The role of the liver in digestion
Liver excretes bile which affects digestion
The role of the liver in blod circulation
Liver maintains the free flow of Qi which prevents stagnation of qi & blood
4 functions of the spleen
1) Transportation & transformation
2) Controlling blood
3) Dominating the muscles & 4 limbs
4) Opening into the mouth & manifesting on the lips
Transportation implies:
transmission of essential substance
Transportation implies
Digestion & absorption
4 functions of the Lungs
1) dominating the Qi & controlling respiration
2) Dominating dispersing, skin & hair
3) Dominating descending & regulating water passages
4) Opening into the nose & manifests in the head hair
2 aspects of dominating the qi
1) Dominating Qi of respiration
2) dominating qi of the whole body
"all kinds of qi belong to ther lungs"
Dispersing function of the lungs:
Wei Qi & body fluids are distributed to the whole body to warm & moisten the muscles, skin & hair
function of the pores of the skin
dispersing qi & regulating respiration
Result of dysfunction of the lungs on descending
cough, S.O.B.
Result of dysfunction of the lung regulating water passages
dysuria, oliguria, edema
5 functions of the Spleen
1) Stoing essence, dominating development & reproduction
2) Dominating water metabolism
3) Recieving Qi
4) Dominating bone, manufacturing marrow, & manifesting in the hair
5) Opening into the ears, dominating ant. & post. orifices
The kidney's ability to dominate reproduction & development is due to:
Kidney Qi
Kidney Yin & yang
Yin - yin fluid of the whole body which moistens & nourishes
yang - yang qi of the whole body which warms & promotes the functions of organs & tissues
Flow of water metabolism
Stomach- Spleen-Lung - Kidney -
Clear fluid to lungs - organs & tissues
turbid Fluid - bladder then excreted as urine