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59 Cards in this Set

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What class was Washington in?
Upper-middle, "gentry"
How did Washington's father influence his life?
He didn't; he died when Washington was 11.
What kind of education did Washington recieve?
He taught himself while his brother was sent to a school in England.
What did Washington do to "better himself"?
He wrote 107 rules on manners that were origginally by a Jesuit priest.
What did Washington have in common with others that led him to join with the others?
He was concerned with his self-intrest.
What careers did Washinton pursue/participate in?
He was a land surveyer, then was in the milita.
How did the seven year's war start?
One of Washington's men fired a shot before the French could get to their rifles. The war was Europe and America.
The war ended in ____ with the _____ __ ______.
- 1763
- Peace of Paris
The French had the Americans ________ __ _____ ___ _____.
surrounded by land and water
The Great Proclomation said:
- colonists couldn't go past the coast
- the stamp act was unforcable
- "No tax without representation"
- Parlament reappealed the stamp act
When was Benjamin Franklin born?
1706, in Boston.
What was his career path?
He went from a candlemaker ot the American Dream. He spoke five languages and was a printer.
Where did B.F. go to college?
He didn't, but 5 colleges bestowed honors on him.
For what was Benjamin's brother jailed?
He was jailed twice for being "revolutionary."
What did Benjamin think of his brother's actions?
He disagreed with them and started his own printing press at age 24.
What famous pamphlet/book did B.F. write?
He wrote Poor Richard's Almanac, which was republished every year.
What is a good word to describe Benjamin?
Industrious
What did Benjamin belive was the right government type for the new America?
He was a Federalist.
When was the Boston tea party?
December 16, 1773.
Jefferson was (for/against) slavery.
He was against, though he owned slaves.
He was a ______ and skeptic.
diest
Also sometimes a nelistest. but against snobs.
Jefferson believed _________ would solve the Revolution.
violence
Jefferson's characteristics:
- no humor
- Patrick Henry was his hero
- commanding presence
- wealth influence
He thought the people would come to power through ______, ______, and ______.
virtue, power, and industry
He though society should be stratified not by birth, but by ______.
merit
Patrick Henry was a delegate of the Contenential Congress when?
1774
Minute men and British had a battle on _____ __, ____. The British ___ more men than Patrick Henry.
April 18, 1774
3x
Articals of Confederation
1777
_________ was the last state to ratify.
Maryland
The War of Independance lasted _____ years.
8 1/2
The actual population in England was ((not) affected) by the war, nor did they care about it. It simply _______ ______ _________.
not
drained their trasury
Washington's men won only _/_ of their battles.
3/12
Why was Washington a good commander?
He kept his troops going, to wear down the British.
The war started in the year ____ in _______.
1775, Boston
Why did the French ally with the Colonists?
They liked Benjamin Franklin.
The Peace of Paris said these four things:
1. They had ourright independance from the British.
2. Canada would be British, and the boundry of Canada and U.S.
3. They agreed on the 13 state boundries.
4. Newfoundland fishing rights.
How were things between England and the Colonists?
There were no hard feelings.
The Colonists and the ________ thought of joining to run out the ___________ and _________.
British
Spanish
French
On the Constitutional Convention.....
It was only 4 month long. It was thorough.
Some wanted to appeal to the lawyers because.....
they had the largest population.
Whose idea was disinteresting lawyers?
Alexander Hamilton
What did they convention say about slaves?
It did not condem slavery. It gave them 3/5 of a white man's vote, although they weren't allowed to vote. They avoided the word "slave."
What else did it adress?
They decided to give the President strong power, although it was not fully used until Jackson did.
They gave the document to the _______ and the _________ ________.
states
contintential congresss
How di they decide whether to rataify?
They required 2/3 of the states to vote for ratification. They were the first to use majority instead of an ananymous vote.
Who voted on the ratification?
Delegates were elected from state to vote for or against ratification.
They fought with ________, not violence.
words
There were many ________ flying around.
pamphlets
Name 3 influential Federalists plus 2 other supporters.
Alexander Hamilton
James Madison
John Jay (wrote Federalist Papers)
Supporters: Washington and Franklin
Name 4 influential Anti-Federalists.
Patrick Henry
John Hancock
James Monroe
Sam Adams
Did the Anti-federalists agree with whole disinterested lawyer thing?
No.
When was it finially ratified?
1790
Who wrote the Bill of rights?
James Madison
Was God included in the Constitution?
No, exept for "the Year of our Lord" and the statement no religeon test was required.
There were many _______.
Deists
What did deists belive?
They believed God exsisted. It was a kind of "divine providence" thing.
Were many people deists?
Most influential leaders were deists (e.g. Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Madsion).
What 3 things was the 1st Ammendment supposed to do?
1. Prohibit the establishment of a state church.
2. Congress was not to interfere with the act of religeon.
3. Congress could support religeon, just not establish or inhibit it.
After the Constitution passed the ratification, there was a ________ ____ __ _______.
national day of prayer