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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A decrease in pacemaker cells cause?
Dysrhythmias
S/S: dizziness, palpatations, changes in mental status
A-fib is caused by?
Loss of the Atrial kick
Likely cause of orthostatic hypotension?
Decreased sensitivity of the baroreceptors and stiffening of the aortic arch and carotid sinus. The vessels are unable to vasoconstrict in response to rapid change in position
S/S of CAD in the elderly?
Dyspenia, fatigue, & change in mental status (this occurs when the demand for oxygenated blood is greater than the supply)
The most common DX of the elderly when moving into acute care facility?
Aprox. 50%w/CHF, the second episode usually occurs w/in 90 days.
Causes of CHF?
May result from: ischemic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, or vascular disease.
S/S of CHF?
Dyspenia & dependent peripheral edema
S/S of dysrhythmias?
Behavioral changes, palpitations, dyspenia, fatigue, & falls.
S/S of peripheral vascular disease?
Burning, cramping, or aching pain brought on by exercise that is relieved by rest (as the diseae progresses rest does not relieve pain).
S/S of valvular heart disease?
Dyspenia on exertion, anginal type pain, symptoms of heart failure, & a murmur is usually heard on auscultation.