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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How do we get the most accurate text?
Compare all of the ancient manuscripts whether they are Hebrew or not
Septaugint
Greek translation

LXX

70 scholars in 70 days produced this text
Peshitta
Syriac translation of the Hebrew Bible
586 BCE
fall of Judah or the Southern Kingdom

major religious crisis
Sopherims
Hebrew: "sepher" or book

begin to copy & interpret the Toran

updated script, added headings/titles and made corrections

Ezra was the first scribe
Masoretic Text
Tanakh is written in Hebrew & Aramaic

No original manuscripts--only copies
Masoretes
"masorah"--keepers of the tradition

modified it--made it easier to read/understand

added notes to the text for cross referencing

added vowels

created an authorative Hebrew text
722 BCE
fall of Isreal

Assyrians deported the Jews
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947 in caves near Qumran

Include all of the Tanakh except Esther

11 caves w/ 95,000 texts or text fragments

all are not expected to be translated til 2154
Genesis 50
Joseph's promise " One day God will remember you"

last word in Genesis is coffin
--Genesis is a failure promises were not fulfilled

Jacob dies
Essences
group of Jewish men--talk about how the world ends

established by teacher of righteousness

while they were waiting on the Messiah to come they
1. copied Hebrew scrolls
2. produced their own prophieces about Messiah
3. hide scrolls
922 BCE
nation of Isreal divides into North and South
1000 BCE
David becomes King
God is not moral, He is holy
God is holy in that he sets apart to love and have a relationship with his people. Morality can change.
3 Themes to Deuteronomy
one God
one people
one Faith
Male & Female are created in the image of God.
If you want to "see" God, look at the relationship between male and female.
Targums
Aramaic translation
538 BCE
Decree of Cyrus

tells Jews to go back to Jersalem and rebuild their temple
Vulgate
Latin translation

Jerome's translation
Things to Consider while reading the Tanakh
canonization took over 600 years

translation is always interpretation!!!
90 CE
Council of Jamnia

Canonize Hebrew Bible
December 25, 1964
Hannakah

Judas takes Jersalem back
God is elusive
You can never understand Yahweh. Religion puts Him into understandable catagories.
Northern Kingdom
Isreal
Southern Kingdom
Judah
Dyanamic Equilance
try to make it readable
Yahweh
God's most personal and holiest name

Emphasizes the God of relationship
Why put the tree in the Garden of Eden?
Their eyes were opened...story of human awakening and awareness

To have a relationship with Yahweh you must have awareness
Depravity
human beings are not able to accomplish salvation, it is up to God
Why did Jews not like polytheism?
Not in a personal relationship with them

Cannot get to God, cant see his face
Eve realizes if she eats fruit she will understand
1. wisdom
2. goodness
3. beauty

loss of innocence

know good & evil
Genesis Chapter 2
narrative of man and woman's relationship

personal, intense God
moral
social convention

makes it possible for society to function
Punishment
male & female were temporarily punished--leads to redemption

ground & serpent were permanently punished with no hope for redemption
Torah
Books of Moses or Pentateuch

1st section of the canon

combined after the fall of Jerusalem

primary and most authoritative

Jewish Bible
holy
to Yahweh means "to be set apart"
JEDP theory
believes there are many sources lying behind the Hebrew Bible
3 Themes to Leviticus
1.Sacrifice
2. Holiness
3. Priesthood
Genesis 3
entrance of the original sin

loss of innocence

without it there would be no reason for God to return

potential for a mature relationship with God
2 Themes of Exodus
1. Law
2. Deliverance
Adona
Lord

man who has power
TaNaK
3 parts of the Hebrew Bible
God is one.
God is transcedent, above and beyond all others.
Genesis 38
story of Judah and Tomar

all about seizing your destiny
cosmology
study of beginnings

Genesis 1-3

whats are the questions we are searching for
Genesis 2:18
Adam--"of the earth"

Eve--"helper", "Ezer"
women has power & dignity so she can help
Genesis 1
poetry

creation story
586 BCE
crisis of identity and faith

broken promises

Jewish Exile
Language is reality
The Hebrew people believe that God spoke the world in existance.
2 Themes to Numbers
1. Wandering in the Wilderness

2. Preparation for entering the promised land
3 Patriarchs to Isreal
Abraham, Jacob, Isaac
Deuteronomy
Moses's last will and testament

contract between Yahweh and people of Isreal
Exodus
10 plagues

affront to Egyptian polytheism
Canon
kanon
qaneh
measuring stick or line
authorized collection of books
Deteronomy 6:4
verse written in the Mazzvzah

attached to door of Jewish home
Skekinah
presence of God

tabernacle was presence of God on earth
formal correspondence
try to stay as close to Hebrew & Greek as possible
70 CE
fall of 2nd temple

Romans decree: no Jew could return to Jersalem
Kethuvim
writings

after destruction of 2nd temple they began to close the canon
Nebiim
prophets

God acting in history

not foretelling furte
Themes of the Hebrew Bible
1. God is one.
2. God is elusive.
3. Language is reality.
4. God is not moral, He is holy.
5. Male and female are created in image of God
Themes of the Hebrew Bible
1. God is one.
2. God is elusive.
3. Language is reality.
4. God is not moral, He is holy.
5. Male and female are created in image of God