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53 Cards in this Set

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What eight things does Genesis 1-2 teach us?
1. God is sovereign and supreme.
2. God created the world from nothing.
3. God is transcendent (apart from creation) and immanent (works in creation).
4. God created creation and called it good.
5. God brings order out of chaos.
6. God cares for humans in a special way.
7. Gender and sexual activity are not a part of the creator.
8. Sabbath, marriage, and work are human institutions created at creation.
Protoevangelium
the curse upon the serpent; the earliest statement of the gospel of salvation
Massoretes
400 AD - 1000 AD. Means "to count" in Hebrew. A group of scribes who preserved the Hebrew Bible Scriptures. They standardized the text by vocalizing (adding vowels) the text.
What is the 'distance' that we as Christians feel from the OT?
We are distanced from it temporally, culturally and in terms of redemptive history.
autograph
original final form of the books
genre
a group of texts that bear one or more traits in common with each other. These texts may be similar in content, structure, phraseology, function, style, and/or mood.
canon
metaphorical meaning of standard; books are standard of faith and practice, held in authority. We derive foundations of what we believe from the Bible
apocrypha
Is “non-canonical but edifying”; shouldn’t base doctrine on it. Roman Catholic doctrine added at the Apocrypha at the Council of Trent. Protestants observe a narrower canon.
Septuagint
400 BC. Greek translation.
Samaritan Pentateuch
the text of the pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible, also called the Torah or Law) that is used in the Samaritan alphabet.
Jamnia
(90 AD) discussed a handful of books that some Jewish rabbis thought rendered the hand unclean. Song of Songs, Ester, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel, Proverbs. We inherited the Bible of Jews
Dead Sea Scrolls
Found in caves in an extremely dry climate on the northwest corner of the Dead Sea area in the 1940s. An example of transmission; demonstrated that precise transmission can take place over time.
Hermeneutics
refers to methods of interpreting the Bible
Tanak
the Hebrew Bible
Vulgate
Latin translation
Vocalization
adding vowels to the text. Hebrew was a dead language. By standardizing the text, it preserved the correct understanding for the text
Tinqunne soperim
dots of the scribes. Indications of scribes that the Massorites would put above a phrase or word that was inappropriate but unwilling to leave out in the scribes.
Codex Leningradenis
oldest complete manuscript of the Old Testament, which dates from A.D. 1006.
Targum
the Aramaic translation of the Hebrew Bible written or complied from the Second Temple period until the early Middle Ages. Aramaic was the dominant language for hundreds of years.
Biblica Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS)
an edition of masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible as preserved in the Leningrad Codex, and supplemented by masoretic and text-critical notes. BHS is the revision of the third edition of the Biblia Heraica edited by Rudolf Kittel, the first printed Bible based on the Leningrad Codex. First one-volume edition: 1977
How much of the Bible is made up of the Old Testament?
39 of the 66 books of the Bible; or 77% of the Bible
What was Jesus' view on the canon?
- Narrower view of the canon without the Apocrypha. The A was included in the setuagent (Greek translation of the Bible) around 400 AD and became part of Catholic doctrine at the Council of Trent. Protestants like Jesus view of A as “non canonical” but edifying
What is the difference between the English order of the biblical books and the Hebrew order?
The Greek English Translation of the bible is generally arranged historically, while the Hebrew Bible is based on actual codex that is use as its base in the 11th century.
What are the divisions of the Hebrew Bible?
The Law (Torah)
The Prophets
The Writings
What is the difference between the English order of the biblical books and the Hebrew order?
The Greek English Translation of the bible is generally arranged historically, while the Hebrew Bible is based on actual codex that is use as its base in the 11th century.
What are the divisions of the Hebrew Bible?
The Law (Torah): first books of Moses
The Prophets: Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings
The Writings: Psalms, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentation, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Neh, Chronicles
How does the Bible act as a seed?
the Bible transforms us through the word of God; the seed of the Word is a catalyst for growth (a place we go to mature, enrich our spirits, and guide us through each day); potential for life (rich results when a receptive soul encounters the Word of God)
Who came up with the analogy for the Bible as the "mirror of the soul"?
John Calvin (16th century)
How does the Bible act as a mirror?
As a mirror, the Bible allows a person to identify and measure one's self to the Bible. It helps us to understand ourselves in the midst of confusion. If you read the BIble rightly you are allowing the Bible to transform your soul.
What were the two main superpowers of the Near East?
Egypt and Mesopotamia
What were the major Semetic languages and from what region did they originate?
North West: Hebrew, Ugaritic, Aramaic
South: Arabic
East: Akkadian
What is the Enuma Elish?
The Babylonian creation text. Describes the God Marduk's victory over the sea monster Tiamat and his forming from her dead body, the heavens and the earth. Afterwards he executes her henchman-consort Qinqu, and from his body and the clay of the earth, he forms humanity.
What is Atrahasis?
The Babylonian myth that adds the purpose of the creation of humans. They are to take the place of the lesser gods in their work as irrigation diggers.
What is the Baal story?
The Ugaritic creation myth (Caanonite account). The chief god Baal vanquishes the sea god Yam and creation results from a conflict of the waters of chaos.
How do the Near Eastern creation accounts compare to Genesis?
1. Creation in Babylon is the result of divine sexual activity and conflict, whereas in Genesis, God is sovereign, self-sufficient and supreme.
2. In the Near East, the creation comes from pre-existent stuff, while in the Bible creation is from nothing.
What are the similarities between Biblical and Gilgamesh flood stories?
In both accounts, divine anger leads to global destruction by means of a flood. However, one human being and his family escape by building an ark on which to bring animals. When the flood waters recede, the ark comes to rest on a mountain. To check whether it is safe to disembark, the flood hero releases three birds in succession. When he leaves the ark, he offers a sacrifice.
Who was Ishtar is the Gilagamesh epic?
Ishtar was the goddess of love and war. She tells her father Anu to kill Gilgamesh when he rejects her advances.
Who was Utnapistim in the Gilgamesh epic?
Utnapishtim was the Babylonian Noah. He was the only human to be given eternal life.
What role did Enlil play in the Gilgamesh epic?
Enlil was a god who wanted to destroy humanity because of overpopulation.
What role did Ea play in the Gilgamesh epic?
Ea was the god of wisdom, who worries that the gods will not be fed without the human sacrifices.
Who was Enkidu in the Gilgamesh epic?
Enkidu was a wilderness man, who sleeps with a prostitute and then comes into town to wrestle Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh and Enkidu become companions and go out on adventures together. Anu kills Enkidu.
What books make up the Writings (Ketubim)?
Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Ester, Daniel, Ezra
What books make up the Former Prophets?
Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
Who are the Later Prophets?
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and 12 minor prophets
What books make up the Megillot ("scrolls")?
Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Ester
diachronic
through time
synchronic
through time
dispensationalism
a separation between the NT and OT, shouldn't read the NT in light of the OT
theonomy
God is always the same; OT penalties still apply
What are the seven principles of interpretation as stated in RBHM?
1. Look for the author's intended meaning.
2. Read the passage in context.
3. Identify the genre of the passage.
4. Consider the historical and cultural background of the Bible.
5. Pay attention to the grammar and structure within a passage.
6. Interpret experience in the light of Scripture, not vice versa.
7. Always seek the full counsel of Scripture.
What are some distorting lenses through which we read the Bible?
1. A treasure chest of golden truths (Bible as a loose collection of inspiring phrases)
2. A grab bag of promises and comforts (dips into the Bible only for the comforting promises of God)
3. A compilation of riddles and secrets (not a book of riddles that needs to be solved)
4. A tailsman with magical power (Bible as a magical charm to keep close in times of trial or danger)
What are some Christlike perspectives on the Bible that can be embraced to read it according to the intention of its divine Author?
1. Approaching the Bible as God's Word.
2. Reading the Bible as a guide for living.
3. Interpreting the Bible with Christlike humility.
What are a few disciplines that will "grind our spiritual lenses"?
1. The dialogue of prayer.
2. The quietness of contemplation.
3. The saturation of personal experience.