Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/293

Click to flip

293 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mannska dh i
manslaughter
(a man-scathing)
mengi
multitude
cognate= many
vinsaeld
popularity
fen
a bog or fen
fella
to slay, to fell
koma
to come about
annask
to take care of
hondla
to hand-lay: to lay hands on
dun dh i
to whir, to make a din
men
necklace
(think of Brisingamen, Freya's necklace)
mennt
accomplishment
vinvi dh r
grape vine
(wood-vine)
hundr
hound, dog
cognate= hound
fena dh r
cattle
soma
to beseem
sveipa
to swipe, to swing
glymja
to resound
ganga
to take place
flotnar
seafarers
snotr
wise
stofa
sitting-room
trog
trough
skokkr
box, receptacle
kanna
to explore
pina
to mortify
kunna
to know how to
(related to 'ken', 'know')
raena
to deprive of
minka
to be diminished
soemd
honor
ybogi
yew-bow
brottkva dh ning
dismissal
tros
droppings
hrosskjot
horse-flesh
opnask
to be opened
(note the 'sk' of the passive)
banna
to ban, to prohibit
rena
to dwindle
(related to raena, 'to be diminished')
vanta
to want, to be lacking
sporna
to spurn
frodleikr
lore
(all things Frodo=lore)
forsja
aid
bjorker
beer-goblet
(Bjork must be a big beer drinker)
rjodhr
clearing
skogarmadhr
outlaw
a man who is skeggi
glotta
to grin
vinda
to wind, to twist
njota
to have the use of
hrokkva
to fall back
gipta
to give in marriage
(think 'give' and 'gift')
stodhhross
stud-horse
osomi
ignominy
troda
(accented o)
pole
skorta
to be lacking
cognate=short
rjodha
to make red, to redden
kippa
to jerk
vapna
to arm, to give weapons
(weapon=vapn)
froedi
lore
(all things Frodo = lore)
samnadhr
host
(saman=together. A host brings people together)
spolr
rail
gipta
good luck
giptamadhr=man with good luck,
lucky man
kopuryrdhi
boasting
hrista
to shake
(think "shake your wrist")
sortna
to grow dark
horfa
to recoil
straa, stra
to strew
Think 'strewing the benches' in the description of the Greenland Prophetess
cognate=strew
foera
to smite
ofoera
peril
(to not strike is obviously perilous)
sopi
mouthful
kapp
ardor, eagerness
ript
clothes
myrkva
to get dark
cognate= murky, dark
forvitnask
to find out
Note the root 'vit', for 'know'
fremja
to perform
syrgja
to sorrow
Sound it out: syrgja and sorrow are cognates
happ
good luck
Mayhap, perhaps
ferd
dealings
eir
bronze
(aer, the Latin word for bronze, comes from the same IE root)
eyrr
spit, peninsula, shoal, sandbank
mannbodh
feast
kaera
to lay a charge against
vardha
to guard against
herja
to harry
Sound it out: herja and harry are cognates
berja
to smite
verja
to invest
lypting
poop-deck
vorn
defence
Note 'vardha'= to guard against
myrr
mire, bog
vara
to become spring
herdha
to clench
hirdha
to mind
verdha
to take place, to happen
vardhi
to invest
Like verja.
formali
formula
orka
strength
Think "the strength of a killer whale"
fortulur
exhortations
ymr
groaning
tun
dwelling
styra
to swing
skridha
to ski
morna
to waste away
elska
to be fond of, to love
risa
to get up, to rise
cognate=rise
maerdh
encomium
forsja
patronage
leidh
journey
nar
corpse
(Zombies say "naaaaaarrrrr")
nari
groin
horfa
to gaze
virdha
to estimate
ofsa
to exaggerate
kosta
to put forth effort
lasta
to speak ill of
boer
farmstead
Note the bu, boe root, 'farm'
kyll
bag
strengr
scroll
oaran
dearth
o+aran = not an abundance, thus, a lack
thurs
ogre, giant
losna
to become loose, loosen
laesna
to shut up
natta
to become night
nyta
to avail
geta
to be able to
horr
bow-string
Thing of Gunnar in Njal's saga, breaking his horr
ithrott
accopmlishment
Like mennt
thurdhr
dominution
odrengskapr
meanness
for
journeying
Noun from the root 'far', 'go'
lysa
to illuminate, to light
moeta
to deal with
boeta
to compensate
jata
to agree to
saeta
to signify
jarl
earl
Sound it out; jarl and earl are cognates
jarmr
screaming
jarnsmidhr
iron-smith
Jorsalafarar
crusaders
Those who go to Jerusalem
gardhr
fence
Think of the fences around Gunnar's house in Njal's saga
saetta
to reconcile
rata
to fall down
gaeta
to take care of
setja
to seat, to sit
litask
to look about
NB middle voice
kostr
condition, choice, option
jarnleikr
battle
ofriki
tyrrany
aedhra
dispair
dyrr
door, doorway
elta
to caste down
retta
to atone for
letja
to dissuade
lita
take into consideration
luta
to pay reverence to
gardhr
fence, enclosure
firar
men
dyrvordhr
door-keeper
Literall, 'door-guarder'
orrosta
battle
hitta
to come to
matbua
to prepare food
Mat=meal
vita
to know of
thrumdhi
to welter
karl
common man, churl
kerling
old woman
stadhr
way
darradhr
spear
matask
to eat a meal
NB Middle voice. Literally, 'to meal oneself"
meta
to estimate
ihuga
to try to decide
kaupa
to make a bargain
Kaupman=bargainer, salesman, merchant
fjuka
to fly off
soeri
oaths
gron
beak
torf
turf
Cognates
farmadhr
trader
troll
troll
rjuka
to reek
Sound it out: rjuka and reek are cognates
drupa
to droop
spyrja
to find out by asking, to ask, to learn
thrymja
to welter
teygja
to entice
far
deeds
farbjodhr
destroyer
kyrtill
kirtle
gord
making
umradh
patronage
ljuga
to tell a lie
flytja
to plead a case
spyrna
to kick
geyja
to revile
heyra
to hear of
Heyra and hear are cognates
umroedha
talk
roedha often means 'talk' or 'gossip'
um + roedha = talk about
hardraedhi
hardihood
brokun
clashing
vardhi
cairn
heradh
district
vardhveizla
keeping
herbergi
lodgings, quarters
herr
great number
varnadhr
goods
herklaedhi
armor
riki
power
lerept
clothes
ript=clothing
vardhmadhr
watcher
Lieterally, 'guard-man'
nest
provisions
herdhar
shoulders
varningr
wares
Note: 'var' and 'ware' are cognates
herlidh
war-force
hervapn
weapons, battle-weapons
heror
war-arrow
hirdhmadhr
retainer
bergrisi
hill-giant
berg=hill
ris = giant
berserkr
berserk
verkmadhr
laborer
Literally, 'work-man'
hordomr
adultery
skreppa
scrip
merki
boundary
virki
stronghold
hirdhir
herdsman
Glam was a hirdhir, herder, before his death
hirzla
keeping
laerleggr
thigh-bone
leg-bone
bordh
rim, border
cognate=border
borg
stronghold
Like virki
horn
drinking-horn
skridha
landslide
cognate=skree
kunnandi
knowledge
Litterally, 'knowing'
virdhar
men
hurdharflaki
hurdle
njosn
news
foss
waterfall
hugr
spirit, heart, mind
fostri
foster-father
hjorr
sword
new
headland
nos
nostril
skati
leader
ass
pole, beam
austmadhr
Easterner
Literally, east-man
fostbrodhir
foster-brother
fostra
foster-mother
austervegr
the east
Literally, "east-way"
fostri
foster-son
vegr
glory
gisting
night-lodgings
oss
estuary
of
pride
risna
liberality
skosveinn
servant
NB sveinn=boy
haseti
oarsman
hestr
stallion
hosti
cough
spor
wound
visindakona
prophetess
lind
shield
mosi
moss
cognates
nattura
spirits
umsysla
assistance
eggtog
battle
bustadhr
dwelling place
bu=farm, dwelling
stadhr= stead
messa
feast-day
visa
stanza, verse
husgord
house-building
huskarl
retainer, house-man, 'homey'
vaettfang
battlefield
hottr
hood
fetill
girdle
boetr
compensations
istra
paunch-fast
thytr
howling
hridh
attach
ketill
cauldron
cognate= kettle
gotar
men
bati
advantage
fat
clothes
eptri
hind
cognate=after, thus 'behind'
litr
complexion
kappi
hero, champion
stong
pole
aettartala
geneology
Literally, family-telling
aettleifdh
patrimony
otti
dread
goti
steed
hattr
hood
cognate= hat
soemdh
honor
NB osomi = o + soem, thus 'not-honor'
litilraedhi
trifle
vatn
waterway
drynnkja
drinking
gynr
clash
goz
goods
vinr
leader
eggthrima
battle
styri
helm
hlydhni
obedience
lund
way
sveinn
servant, boy
osoemdh
dishonor