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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
phospholipids have structural purposes only T/F
True
ideal level of triglycerides in blood
80-150 mg/dL
triglycerides are stored in _______
adipocytes
triglycerides are rotated every __ to __ weeks
2 to 3
__% of membrane weight is rubber duckies
20%
__% of membrane volume is phospholipids
95%
2 functions of waxes
to make water-proof and to keep bugs away
structure of a wax
a long carbon chain
an example of artificial fat
Olestra
can act on nearby cells
prostaglandin
what is this:
-20 carbon carboxylic chain
-5 membered ring
-double bonds
-oxygen
-ring similar to that of a FA
prostaglandin
what contributes to PMS
prostaglandin, possibly
what monomer is found in many lipids
fatty acid
what is used for insulation, food, and as a shock absorber
triglycerides
anaphylaptic shock and severe allergic reactions are caused by
leukotrienes
similar to prostaglandin
leukotrienes
hormones can be effective at concentrations of 1 _________ of a gram
billionth
used in beetle traps, ant trails to food, deer hunting aids
pheremones
discovered in all animals but not yet in humans
pheremones
are fats but do not contain fatty acids
steroids
steroids have __ rings in their base structure
4
functions of steroids (5)
1) development & sex characteristics
2) help carry FAs
3) anti-inflammatory
4) protein synthesis
5) fat solubility
most abundant animal steroid
cholesterol
made in the liver (not bile)
cholesterol (800mg/day)
modyfying you diet can only change cholesterol levels by __ mg
15 mg
5 jobs of cholesterol
1) keep cell membranes "fluidy"
2) bile precursor
3) sex hormone precursor
4) FA transport helper
5) prevents skin dehydration
name the fat soluble vitamins
A D E K
what is the scientific name for vitamin A
retinol
deficiency in vitamin A causes
night blindness
deficiency in vitamin D causes
rickets
regulates glucose metabolism
hydrocortisone
anti-inflammatory
hydrocortisone
thins membranes
hydrocortisone
in the 0-6 week period, the fetus has both ________ and ________ systems
Wolffian (male) and Mullerian (female)
TDF
(testes-determining factor)
CAH
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
defective cortisone production
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
5-Alpha Reductase is the inability to convert___
testosterone into masculinizing steroids
AIS causes the fetus to have an (XY/XX) mind but have (XY/XX) genitals
XY, XX
stress in mother causes _____________ release, which goes to feral brain and stimulates pituitary glands
hydrocortisone
5-Aplha Reductase causes the fetus to look like a ______, but turn into a ______ at puberty
girl, boy
AIS causes the fetus to look like a ______, but turn into a ______ at puberty
boy, girl
functions of TDF
-preserve Wolffian
-absorb Mullerian
-difference gonads into testes
stress in mother during birth can cause the fetus to have a (male/female) neural network
female
CAH causes
female genitalia of the fetus to masculinize
AIS
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
used in 50's, 60's to prevent miscarriage, caused PIV
androgen
PIV
Progestin Induced Virilization
in PIV during puberty genitlas change from (XX/XY) to (XX/XY)
XY,XX
synthetic steroids effect on men
-testicles shrink
-baldness
-prostate enlarges
-difficulty urinating
-reduction of sperm count
-impotence
-permanent breast development
synthetic steroids effect on women
-growth of facial hair
-change or stop in menstrual cycle
-clitoris enlarges
-deeper voice
-breast reduction
synthetic steroids effect on both sexes
-acne
-liver damage
-jaundice (liver failure)
-high blood pressure
-cancer
-trembling
-swelling of joints
-bad breath
what is
-altered hormone levels
-inability to control behavior
-severe mood swings
-irritability
-violent aggression
-depression
roid rage