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60 Cards in this Set

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What War took place from 1939-1945?
World War II
What caused the Spanish American War?
The U.S. sought to expand its economic position and influence outside its borders./Sinking of Maine
What was the Result of The Spanish-American War?
Cuba became independent/U.S. able to gain favorable trade with Cuban Business/U.S. acquired Puerto Rico/Phillippines/Guam
What was the Industrial Revolution?
Change from agricultural economy to industrial economy.
What caused the Industrial Revolution?
Discoveries in science/improvement in technology/new inventions
What were some of the effects of the Industrial Revolution?
People moved to cities to work/population grew/price of goods fell/production and pollution increased/unions
Why did unions develop?
to help workers/Union leaders fired/violence used to control workers
In which decade was World War I fought:
a. 1910's b.1920's c.1930's
d.1940's
What are four causes of World War II ?(Explain them)
Nationalism Imperialsim
Militarism system of alliances
When did the U.S. enter World War II?
1917
Soldiers dug trenches in World War I and stayed there for months-Why did many die?
Machine guns/disease/poison gas/airplanes
League of Nations
An international organization formed to allow nations to discuss problems and prevent war;U.S. not member
What was the Russian Revolution?
The Communist takeover of the government in Russia
How did the Russian Revolution impact World War I?
Russia withdrew from the fighting of WWI/weakened allies but U.S. joined in and war was won.
Great Depression
A worldwide economic crisis,1929-1940/stock maarket crashed, banks failed,millions out of work
Dust Bowl
A drought and overfarming caused a large area of the central U.S. to turn to dust. Many residents fled west
(Calilfornia)
New Deal
President Roosevelt's plan for relief, recovery, and reform during the Great Depression.
How did New Deal change the relationship between government and business?
For first time U.S. government became involved in many aspects of business by regulating business activities.
In which decade was mot of World War II fought?
a. 1910's b. 1920's c.1930's d. 1940's
What were four causes of World War II ? Explain
Aggression Expansion Appeasement Revenge
What events prompted the U.S. to enter World War II?
What was the date
Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
What were the Results of WWII?
55 million killed/European nations and Japan millions in damage/Germany and Japan defeated/U.S rebuilt Germany and Europe with Marshall Plan/ Under MacArthur rebuilt Japan/U.N. formed/Israel formed
Korean War
fought in the 1950's by U.S. to contain communism
Vietnam War
fought in the 1960's and 1970's by the U.s. to contain Communism
Cold War
Time of political tension/military rivalry between U.s. and USSR following WWII 1945-1989
Role of U.S. since cold War ended in 1989
world's only superpower
Ideas from Enlightenment help form basis of U.S. government?
Idea of natural, inalienable rights (life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness)/Individualism/Rebellion is justified if ruler has no consent of the people
Was American Revolution the only independence movement that resulted from the enlightement?
No. French Revolution and revolutions in Latin America also were based on same ideas.
Democracy
A system of government where people rule directly or indirectly
Parliamentary democracy
A system of government in which executive and legislative functions, are carried out through an elected group of representatives
Dust Bowl
A drought and overfarming caused a large area of the central U.S. to turn to dust. Many resident fled west
(Calilfornia)
New Deal
President Roosevelt's plan for relief, recovery, and reform during the Great Depression.
How did New Deal change the relationship between government and business?
For first time U.S. government became involved in many aspects of business by regulating business activities.
In which decade was most of World War II fought?
a. 1910's b. 1920's c.1930's d. 1940's
What were four causes of World War II ? Explain
Aggression Expansion Appeasement Revenge
What events prompted the U.S. to enter World War II?
What was the date
Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
What were the Results of WWII?
55 million killed/European nations and Japan millions in damage/Germany and Japan defeated/U.S rebuilt Germany and Europe with Marshall Plan/ Under MacArthur rebuilt Japan/U.N. formed/Israel formed
Korean War
fought in the 1950's by U.S. to contain communism
Vietnam War
fought in the 1960's and 1970's by the U.s. to contain Communism
Cold War
Time of political tension/military rivalry between U.s. and USSR following WWII 1945-1989
Role of U.S. since cold War ended in 1989
world's only superpower
Ideas from Enlightenment help form basis of U.S. government?
Idea of natural, inalienable rights (life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness)/Individualism/Rebellion is justified if ruler has no consent of the people
Was American Revolution the only independence movement that resulted from the enlightement?
No. French Revolution and revolutions in Latin America also were based on same ideas.
Democracy
A system of government where people rule directly or indirectly
Parliamentary democracy
A system of government in which executive and legislative functions, are carried out through an elected group of representatives
Parliamentary Democracy
system of government in which executive and legislative functions are carried out through an elected group of representatives
Presidential Democracy
A system of government in which an elected individual oversees executive functions;legislative functions are carried out through an elected group of representatives
Monarchy
A system of government in which of the ruler is determined by birth;the ruler remains in office for live
Constitutional Monarchy
A system of government in which powers of the monarch are limited to those permitted under the laws of the nation
Absolute Monarchy
A system of government in which one hereditary ruler controls all governmental powers
Theocracy
A system of government headed by a religious leader who leads the citizens according to the beliefs on one religion
What principles of U.S. government prevent a theocracy in this nation?
One basis is separation of church and state/religious freedom guaranteed to citizens in the First Amendment also prevents a theocracy in the U.S. Tolerance of religions is key characteristic of the U.S.
Dictatorship
A system of government in which one strong ruler controls all governmental powers; dictators often gain control following military victories
Compare/Contrast a dictator and absolute monarch
Both exercise total control over their nations/dictators take control by force monarchs when they replace a parent or other family member as ruler
How did 19th Amendment affect women?
Gave women the right to vote
What economic and legal issues were stressed by women in the second half of the twentieth century?
Women stressed equal pay for equal work/right to control family size through birth control and abortion/worked for laws that restricted property right for women
What was the role of NOW and similar organizations?
Allowed women to work together to achieve common goals
Jim Crow Laws
required legal segregation of races
Discrimination
Unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court decision (1896) which ruled that separate accommodations for African-Americans were legal if they were equal