Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the definition of dyslexia?
a neurological learning disability characterized by difficulty with accurate and fluent word recognition, poor spelling and poor decoding that is often unexpected vis-a-vis cognitive ability.
Name 8-10 characteristics of dyslexia.
(1) poor sequencing -both orally and in writing
(2) poor spelling
(3) difficulty forming letters (b/d)
(4) letter reversals
(5) poor comprehension
(6) poor memory for what is seen in print
(7) poor memory for remembering letters
(8) slowed processing speed
What are the 4 instructional principles of the OG approach which, in combination, facilitate a student's ability to learn and recall information?
1. Multisensory - teaching uses VAKT to enhance memory and learning and build neural pathways
2. Teach to Mastery/Automaticity
3. Cumulative & Sequential - new sessions build on earlier sessions
4. Sequential - sessions proceed from easy to difficult
5. Direct/Explicit Instruction - no inferential learning
What are the 5 concepts taught in each level of the OG-CDC curriculum?
(1) Phonograms
(2) Spelling rules/generalizations
(3) Syllable types & divisions
(4) Checkpoints for various definitions
(5) Learned (sight) words
What are the phonograms covered in OG-CDC level 1?
Grp 1: a,b,c,f,h,i,j,k,m,p,t
Grp 2: g,o,r,l,e,n,u,s,d,w,y,v,z,x
digraphs, consonant blends, and silent e (long vowels)
What are the the spelling rules/generalizations covered in OG-CDC level 1.
c/k and k/ck
What are the syllables students learn in OG-CDC level 1?
closed syllables (vc and cvc)
silent e
By the end of level 1, students will know the checkpoints for the following concepts:
1. What is a consonant?
2. What is a vowel?
3. What is digraph and blend?
4. What is a short/long vowel?
5. What is a syllable?
6. What is a closed/silent-e syllable?
What is a double deficit?
A deficit in both decoding + fluency
What are the phonograms covered in OG-CDC level 2?
1. x,qu (if not already covered)
2. tch
3. nasal blends ng/nk
4. welded sounds: ang/k,ing/k,ong/k,ung/k
5. kind/old/all families
6. vowel teams
7. r-controlled (ar,or,er,ir,ur)
8. the 3 sounds of -ed
9. y-candy
10. s: bugs, nose
What are the level 2 spelling rules/generalizations?
1. plural -s
2. long vowels in monosyllabics
3. ch & tch
4. y-generalization (ai,ay)
5. ou & ow
6. oa/ow/oe
7. suffix -ed
8. word families (kind,old,all)
9. homonyms
10.grapheme choices
By the end of level 2 students will be able to give checkpoints for the following concepts:
1. What is singular/plural?
2. What is an open syllable?
3. What is a vowel team syllable?
4. What is an r-controlled syllable?
5. What are base words/compound words?
6. What is a suffix?
7. What is the past tense?
8. What is a homonym?
9. What is a diphthong?
By the end of level 2 students will be know the following syllable types:
vccv (rab/bit)
vc/ccv (lob/ster)
vcc/cv (pump/kin)
vcc/ccv (back/ground)