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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
jackanapes
1 an impertinent person
2 a tame monkey
jackleg
1 an incompetent, unskillful, or dishonest person
2 a person employed to break a strike
Jacobean
relating to reign (1406-37) of James I of England
(furniture = dark oak; a person living in thie period)
Jacobin
1 a member of democratic club est in Paris in 1789; radical/ruthless group formed after French Rev.
2 an extreme political radical
3 Dominican friar
Jacobite
supporter of the deposed James II and his descendants in their claim to the British throone after the Rev of 1688.
jacquard
an apparatus with perforated cards, fitted to aloom to facilitate the weaving of figured and brocaded fabrics.
2 a fabric made on a loom ith such a device, with an intricate variegated pattern.
jalousie
a blind or shutter made of a row of angled slats
Janus
1 an ancinet Italian deity, guardian of doorways and gates and protector of the state in time of war. He is usually represented w/ two facews, so that he looks both forward and backward.
2 (also Janus-faced) having a dual function, purpose, attitude
3 hypocritical; two-faced
japan
a hard, dark enamellike varnish containing asphalt, used to give a black gloss to metal objects
2 a kind of varnish in which pigments are ground, typically used to imitate lacquer on wood
jape
a practical joke; say or do something in jest or mockery
jargon
special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand
2 a from of language regarded as barbarous, debased, or hybrid.
jaundice
a medical condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin and typically caused by obstruction of the bile duct, by liver disease, or by excessive breakdwon of red blood cells.
2 bitterness, resentment, or envy
jaundiced
having jaundice
2 affected by bitterness, resentment, or envy
jaunty
lively, cheerful, self-confident
jejune
"ji-joon"
1 naive, simplistic, and superficial
2 (of ideas or writings) dry and uninteresting
je ne sais quoi
a quality that cannot be described or named easily
jeremiad
a long, mournful complaint or lamentation; a list of woes
Jesuit
member of the Society of Jesus, a Rom. Catholic order of preists founded by St. Ignatius Loyola, St Francis Xavier, and others in 1534, to do missionary work. Opposed Reformation.
jetsam
unwanted material or goods that have been thrown overboard from a ship and washed ashore, esp. material that has been discarded to lighten a vessel in distress.
jettison
throw or drop (something) from an aircraft or ship
2 abandon or discard (someone or something that is not wanted)
jeu d'esprit
a lightheared display of wit and clverness, esp. in a work of literature.
Jezebel
a shameless or immoral woman.
jib
1 triangular sail set off of the mast
2 projecting arm of a crane
3 of an animal (i.e. horse) stop and refuse to go on
4 (of a person) unwilling to do or accept something
jibe
to be in accord with; to agree
jinn
(in Arabian and Muslim mythology) an intelligent spirit of lower rank than angels, able to appear in human and animal forms and to possess humans.
jive
1 a thing, esp. talk, that is deceptive or worthless
2 talk nonsense
jocose
playful or humorous
jocular
fond or characterized by joking; humorous or playful
jocund
cheerful and lighthearted
joie de vivre
exuberant enjoyment of life
joinder
(esp in law) the action of bringing parties together; union.
joility
lively and cheerful activity or celebration
2 the quality of being cheerful
jubilee
a special anniversary of an event, esp. one celebrating 25 or 50 yrs of a reign or activity.
2 (in Jewish history) a year of emancipation and restoration, observed every fifty years.
judicature
the administration of justice (noun)
juncture
set of features in speech that enable a hearer to detect a word or phrase boundary (e.g. distinguishing I scream from ice cream)
junket
a dish of sweetened and flavored curds of milk, often served with fruit
2 an extravagant trip or celebration, in particular one enjoyed by a government official at public expense
junta
a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
2 a deliberative or administrative council in Spain or Portugal
jurisprudence
the theory or philosophy of law
2 a legal system
jurist
an expert in or writer on law
2 a lawyer or judge
juror
1 member of jury
2 a person taking an oath, esp. on of allegiance
jussive
expressing a command
justify
(in printing) adjust (a line of type or piece of text) so that the print fills a space evenly or forms a straight edge at the margin
juvenescence
the state or period of being young
juvenile
of or relationg to young birds or other animals
2 all the other usual meanings
juvenilia
works produced by an author or artist while still young
juvenlize
make or keep young or youthful; arrest the development of