Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
general routes of transmission
direct contact
indirect transmission
spatter of body fluids
aerosolization
who developed infection control protcols
ADA
CDC
OSHA
OSAP
When did standard precaution replace universal?
in 2003

it is for ALL pts
established by CDC and OSHA
designed to decrease cross contamination
who makes recommmendations ot OSHA?
CDC
in what year was general infection control established?
1973 by CDC
in what year was AIDS first reported/
1981 by CDC
when was first hepB vaccine?
1982
When was infection control in dentistry?
in 1986 by CDC
when was universal precautions developed?
in 1987 by CDC
infectious agents of concern to healthcare workers
influenza
tuberculosis
RSV
Varicella Zoster
HepA-E
CMV
HIV
Toxoplasmosis
Herpes
Etiology of tuberculosis
mycobacterium tuberculosis

ususal route of exposure is inhalation of infected droplets
Tuberculin skin test TST
positive result depends on diameter and induration
#1 infectious disease in the world
tuberculosis
who is at highest risk to get TB?
lo SES
institutionalized persons
immunosuppressed pts
Why do pts w/HIV not have a positve TB test?
bc no immune system

they have multiple drug resistant TB related to HIV and this cause hi mortality of 40-80%
dental management of TB
no alteration in Tx except for pts w/active disease

no elective Tx if active disease, it emergency need to treat in rooms w/special ventilation
when shoud DDS office haave TB infection control policy reviewed?
annually during OSHA update
shingles
Varicella Zoster reactivated

may present as tooth pain
Hep
inflam of liver
various etiologies

causes fatigue,ab pain, anorexia, vomitting, nausea, and jaundice
Hep A transmission
oral fecal
incubation period of Hep A
30 days
How to prevent Hep A?
good gygiene and santitiaon, vaccine, IgG post exposure
HBV
called serum Hep

transmitted by body fluids
incubation period of HBV
45-180 days

5,000-6,000 deaths/year
how to prevent HBV
vaccination
screening
blood/organ/tissue donors
Leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer
Hep C
princple reason for liver transplants
hep C
how is Hep C tranmitted
by body fluids
incubation period of Hep C
2-26 weekds
what % of hep C pts will develop a chronic infection?
85%
how to prevent hep C
blood screened
organ/tissue donor
modify hi risk behavior
hep c risk groups
injection drug users
health care workers
sexually active persons
tatoo recipients
transustion recipients B4 '92
post exposure to hep c
no vaccine available and no immune globulin
definition of AIDS as of 1993
HIV persons suffering from opportunistic infection and HIV persons w/CD4 count <200
how is progression of aids measured?
by viral load < 800 and CD4 Count < 200
how much money is spent per year for AIDS education and assistance in OK?
2.5 million
% risk of getting HIV by transmission after mucous membrane exposure
.09%
% risk of getting HIV by transmission after percutaneous exposure
0.3%
HIV prophylaxis
involved administration of 2 antiviral drugs

source pt asked to test as well
HIV risk assessment
consider type of exposure (amount of blood involved)

consider amount of virus in pts blood
parenteral exposure risk w/ known HIV person
0.3%
parenteral exposure risk w/ known HCV person
3%
parenteral exposure risk w/ HBV person
30%